Business / Agriculture / Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE): Commonly known as 'mad cow disease,' BSE is a slowly progressive, incurable disease affecting the central nervous system of cattle, first diagnosed in Britain in 1986. Consumption by cattle of BSE-contaminated ruminant proteins in animal feed has been cited as one possible means of transmission. Scientists have confirmed a link between BSE in cattle and several dozen recent European cases of a human variant of BSE, Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease. More than 77,000 cattle suspected of having been exposed to the disease have been slaughtered in Great Britain, and a ban on ruminant protein-containing feeds was imposed in 1988. To date, no BSE has been found in U.S. cattle, although other BSE-like animal diseases are found in the United States, including scrapie in sheep and goats. USDA banned the importation of live cattle from Great Britain in 1989, and imposed a partial ban on using ruminant protein in animal feed in 1997.
Business / Agriculture / Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (Tses): The name of a number of degenerative brain diseases that infect humans and animals. For example, bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) infects cattle: scrapie infects sheep and goats: Creutzfeldt-Jac MORE
Business / Agriculture / Bovine Somatotropin (Bst): Also called bovine growth hormone, bst is a naturally occurring protein that has been genetically engineered as a synthetic compound (now manufactured in large quantities and commercially available to MORE