Business / Agriculture / Scrapie: A fatal, degenerative neurological disease of sheep and goats. The similarity of scrapie to bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) (mad cow) disease in cattle, with the possibility of subsequent transmission to humans, has caused the Food and Drug Administration to propose regulations to prohibit using sheep and goat by-products as a component in cattle feeds. The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service also conducts a 'voluntary scrapie flock certification program' to certify scrapie-free herds.
Business / Agriculture / Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE): Commonly known as 'mad cow disease,' BSE is a slowly progressive, incurable disease affecting the central nervous system of cattle, first diagnosed in Britain in 1986. Consumption by cattle of BSE-con MORE
Business / Agriculture / Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (Tses): The name of a number of degenerative brain diseases that infect humans and animals. For example, bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) infects cattle: scrapie infects sheep and goats: Creutzfeldt-Jac MORE