Business / Loan / Loss Reserves: That portion of a fund's earnings or permanent capital designated by the board of directors as a reserve against possible loan losses and, as such, unavailable for lending purposes. Generally accepted accounting principles governing for-profit and regulated financial institutions require that loan loss expense be deducted as an annual expense on an accrual basis and that the loan loss reserve be shown as a contra asset reducing loan assets. To date, no accounting convention has been established to govern loan loss reserve accounting for unregulated nonprofit institutions. The technical treatment is to establish the reserve through periodic charges against earnings, and actual losses, when and if incurred, and are charged against the reserve. For balance sheet purposes a loan loss reserve (should) be shown as a deduction from the loan portfolio to suggest that its true economic value should be reduced by the estimated loss exposure.
Loss Noun Synonyms: diminution, erosion, reduction, impoverishment, depletion, shrinkage
Loss Verb Synonyms: deprivation, bereavement, privation, denial, sacrifice, forfeiture, disappearance
Reserves Noun Synonyms: store, stock, stockpile, inventory, supply, nest egg, reservoir, fund, hoard, cache
Reserves Verb Synonyms: auxiliary, alternate, substitute, reinforcements, backup, spare
Business / Real Estate / Passive Losses: Losses left over when deductions for annual operating expenses, loan interest, and depreciation exceed annual rents. For tax purposes, passive losses can only be used to offset passive income. MORE