Business / Real Estate / Impound Account: A trust account established to set aside funds for future needs relating to a parcel of real property. Many mortgage lenders require an impound account to cover future payments for taxes, assessments, private mortgage insurance and insurance in order to protect their security from defaults and tax liens. In the case of FHA loans, many lenders require a tax reserve of six months and an insurance reserve of one year. When the property is sold and the buyer assumes the sellers mortgage, the lender does not usually return the escrow account balance to the owner. The sum remains with the lender, and it is the responsibility of the buyer and seller to prorate the balance between them. Impound accounts are required for FHA loans, and although VA regulations do not require an impound account for taxes and insurance premiums on GI loans, many lenders customarily require that such accounts be established and maintained. Under RESPA, the amount of reserves in the impound account is limited to one-sixth of the estimated amount of taxes and insurance that will become due in the 12-month period beginning at settlement. Sometimes, part of the purchase price due the seller may be impounded or put aside by escrow to meet the postclosing expense of clearing title or repairing the structure. The issue of use of interest earned on reserve funds is frequently debated. Typically, lenders do not pay interest to borrowers on money held as reserves.
Account Noun Synonyms: calculation, accounting, reckoning, computation, (financial) statement, enumeration
Health / Health Insurance / Medical Savings Account (MSA): A trust that employees of small businesses may establish to pay for out-of-pocket medical expenses. MORE
Business / Human Resources (HR) / Medical Savings Accounts (MSA): Savings accounts designated for out-of-pocket medical expenses. In an MSA, employers and individuals are allowed to contribute to a savings account on a pre-tax basis and carry over the unused funds a MORE