Business / Taxes / Inflation: Inflation is a persistent increase in prices, often triggered when demand for goods is greater than the available supply or when unemployment is low and workers can command higher salaries. Moderate inflation typically accompanies economic growth. But the US Federal Reserve Bank and central banks in other nations try to keep inflation in check by decreasing the money supply, making it more difficult to borrow and thus slowing expansion. Hyperinflation, when prices rise by 100% or more annually, can destroy economic, and sometimes political, stability by driving the price of necessities higher than people can afford. Deflation, in contrast, is a widespread decline in prices that also has the potential to undermine the economy by stifling production and increasing unemployment.
Business / Finance / Personal Inflation Rate: The inflation rate as it affects a specific individual. MORE
Business / Finance / Inflation-Escalator Clause: The fact that future inflation rates are not known. It is a possible contributing factor to the makeup of the term structure of interest rates. MORE