Entertainment / Literature / Anadiplosis: (Greek 'doubling') Repeating the last word of a clause at the beginning of the next clause. As Nietzsche said, 'Talent is an adornment, an adornment is also a concealment.' Ann Landers once claimed, 'The poor wish to be rich, the rich wish to be happy, the single wish to be married, and the married wish to be dead.' Extended anadiplosis is called gradatio. For instance, in The Caine Mutiny the captain declares: Aboard my ship, excellent performance is standard. Standard performance is sub-standard. Sub-standard performance is not allowed. Biblically speaking, St. Paul claims, 'We glory in tribulations also, knowing that tribulation worketh patience, and patience, experience, and experience, hope, and hope maketh man not ashamed.' Samuel Johnson writes, 'Labour and care are rewarded with success, success produces confidence, confidence relaxes industry, and negligence ruins the reputation which diligence had raised' (Rambler No. 21). On a more mundane level, the character of Yoda states in Star Wars, Episode I: Fear leads to anger, anger leads to hatred, hatred leads to conflict, conflict leads to suffering. Gradatio creates a rhythmical pattern to carry the reader along the text, even as it establishes a connection between words. Anadiplosis and gradatio are examples of rhetorical schemes.


Entertainment / Literature / Symploce: Repeating words at both the beginning and the ending of a phrase. In St. Paul's letters, he seeks symploce to reinforce in the reader the fact that his opponents are no better than he is: Are they Heb MORE


Entertainment / Literature / Gradatio: Extended anadiplosis (see above). Unlike regular anadiplosis, gradatio continues the pattern of repetition from clause to clause. For instance, in The Caine Mutiny the captain declares: Aboard my ship MORE