Entertainment / Literature / Deduction: The process of logic in which a thinker takes a rule for a large, general category and assumes that specific individual examples fitting within that general category obey the same rule. For instance, a general rule might be that 'Objects made of iron rust.' When the logician then encounters a shovel made of iron, he can assume deductively that the shovel made of iron will also rust just as other iron objects do. This process is the opposite of induction. Induction fashions a large, general rule from a specific example. Deduction determines the truth about specific examples using a large general rule. Deductive thinking is also called syllogistic thinking. See induction, logic, and logical fallacies, and the class's syllogism handouts.
Deduction Noun Synonyms: conclusion, inference, finding, reasoning, result
Deduction Verb Synonyms: subtraction, diminution, decrease, reduction, withdrawal, removal, abstraction
Business / Agriculture / Deductions (Food Stamps): When calculating a household’s monthly food stamp benefit, food stamp rules require calculation of its net income, with lower net income amounts (larger deductions) producing higher food stamp benef MORE
Business / Debt / Net-After Deductions: An amount of money e.g. income you take home after income tax, national insurance contributions, payments towards a pension scheme or any other deductions have been deducted, usually by your employer MORE