Glossary / Life Style

Wine Grapes Glossary

Abbuoto: Red wine variety found in central Italy. Has synonym names of Aboto and Cecubo. Used to make a deepl
Abouriou: Minor grape now rarely found in the area south of Bergerac, SW. France. Used to make a red wine and
Acolon: Variety developed and subsequently released from the Weinsberg/Württemberg Research Station, Baden,
African Queen: V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) female pollinate. Vigorous, productive variety ripening in mid-season
Afus Ali: According to the Geilweilerhof database,, this variety originated in Lebanon. Has an extraordinary n
Agawam: This variety is a V. Labrusca/Vinifera hybrid, created by E. Rogers, dating from the 1850's. It was
Agianniotiko: (No other details other than it is a red-wine variety found in Greece, also used for rosés).
Agiorgitiko: Pronounced 'Ah-jee-or-jee tee-koh'. (a.k.a St. George). Red-wine grape native to Greece. Used to pro
Aglianico: Red-wine grapevine cultivated in Basilicata and Campania regions of Italy. In the latter province it
Aidani: Pronounced 'I ee than ee'. Variety found mainly in the western islands off the Greek mainland. Also
Airén: Has synonym names Aidén, Lairén, Manchega and Valdepeñera. Semi-classic white-wine producer varie
Alachua: Complex V.rotundifolia (i.e. Muscadine) cultivar created at Leesburg, Florida. Derived from a Fry (E
Aladasturi: V. vinifera variety grown in Georgia (CIS). Has several synonym names according to the Geilweilerhof
Albalonga: Grape resulting from a cross between Riesling and a Sylvaner clone. Limited growths in Rheinhessen r
Albana: White-wine producing variety of ancient origin widely planted in the Emilia region of Italy. Produce
Albania: Vigorous, productive V. Aestivalis hybrid female pollinate variety created by T.V. Munson reported t
Albariño: Has synonym name Alvarinho where grown in Portugal. White-wine producing variety, used to create a s
Albarola: White-wine producing variety grown on the cliff coastline of Liguria, N.W Italy. Has at least 10 syn
Albillo Krimskii: V.vinifera variety grown in Georgia (CIS), better known there by its synonym name Rachuli-Tetra. (No
Albillo Real: Has synonym names Albilla, Albillo de Toro and Blanca del Pais. Small-berried tablegrape and white-w
Alcañón: Variety native to the Somontano (Pyrenees) region of Spain that is sometimes used for the production
Alden: Labruscana variety, derived from a Ontario x Gros Guillaume cross, recommended for cool climate regi
Aleatico: Minor red-wine grape commonly grown in central and southern Italy. There have been controversial res
Alexander: American variety notable for the historical record. According to Hedrick (Grapes of New York, 1912)
Alexandreuli: Variety grown in Georgia, CIS (former Soviet Union). Reported by the Geilweilerhof database (see For
Alexandrian Moschato: Greek name for the Muscat of Alexandria grape.
Alfrocheiro: Variety used for red wine production in the Dão DOC, Beiras region of Portugal. Can be found in ble
Alicante Bouschet: Minor grape originating from a 19th century vinifera cross using the Aramon and ancient Teinturier n
Alicante Ganzin: Major vitis vinifera teinturier red wine grape used as one of the original parents of several crosse
Aligoté: Has several synonym names in the Bourgogne (Burgundy) AOC regions of France, eg: in the Côte Chalon
Aligoté Rouge: Member of the Aligote cepage family. Has the synonym name Plant de Trois de la Moyenne. Listed as or
Aligoté Vert: Has the synonym name Plant de Trois de la Grande Espese. Listed as a member of the Aligote cepage or
Alpenglow: Moderately vigorous Elmer Swenson selection listed as winter hardy to -20 deg. F. or lower. Light re
Alpha: Winegrape cultivar developed by U. Minnesota. Recommended for planting in Saskatchewan, Canada. Simi
Alphonse Lavalee: Seedless tablegrape widely grown in France, South Africa etc. Has many synonym names including Ribie
Altesse: Semi-classic grape grown in the Savoie region of France. Used with another local grape, the Molette,
Alwood: Recommended as suitable for cool climate regions. Is an early ripening American labruscana variety,
Ambros: Has synonym name Seibel 10713. No other details as yet other than it appears to be a very sparsely g
America: This cultivar is reported by Hedrick (Grapes of New York, 1912) to be the result of the complex V.li
Amigne: Vigorous minor grape of ancient origin grown in the Valais district of Switzerland. Used to make an
Amorgiano: Alternative name for the Mandelaria red wine grape, widely grown on the Greek mainland, when found o
Ancellotta: Has several synonym names including Balsamina Nero, Lancelotta and Uvino. Variety mainly grown in ce
André: Has synonym name Semenac A 16-76. Cultivar reported as developed in (former) Czechoslovakia and deri
Aramon: Minor grape of mediocre quality (reported to merely reach 14% sugar content in a good year) widely g
Aramon Du Gard: Has synonym names Aramon Seibel and Seibel 2007. Reported as derived from a (V.rupestris x V.lincecu
Arbane: Has several synonym names including Arbanne. Reported to be an old variety grown in the Champagne re
Arbois: Fairly widely grown white-wine producer grapevine in the Loire region of France. Used in some blends
Argaman: Patented (1992) cultivar developed and released around 1988 by the ARO Horticulture Unit, Volcani Ce
Argant: Has several synonym names including Rouillot and Gros Margilier Espagnole. (No other details as yet
Argossa: Variety grown in Portugal.
Arinto: Has synonym name Pedernã in Portugal and Pedreña in northwest Spain. Moderately vigorous grapevine
Aris: Has synonym name Geilweilerhof SBL.2-19-58. Reported as green-skin grape derived from an (Oberlin 71
Armlong: T.V. Munson hybrid derived from a Ten Dollar Prize x Black Eagle cross. Now regarded as a little-use
Arnad Montjovet: (No other details as yet other than this variety is grown in the Valle d'Aosta region of Italy and i
Arneis: Has local alias name of Nebbiolo Bianco, derived from its (mistaken?) planting in the midst of the N
Arnsburger: Recently (ca. 1992) released white-wine producing variety derived from a Riesling88 x Riesling64 V.
Arriloba: Variety derived from a Raffiat de Monade x Sauvignon Blanc cross, released around 1960 by the INRA,
Arrufiac: Has several synonym names including Ruffiac. A variety resurrected from obscurity for use as one of
Arvine: (a.k.a Petite Arvine). Minor, but of ancient origin, variety grown in the Valais district of Switzer
Aspengold: Has synonym name ES 2-8-1. Pink skinned grape reported as a ES 5-14 x Swenson (Red) cross seedling d
Asprinio Bianco: White-wine producing variety found in the Campania region of Italy. Used to produce a light, crisply
Assyrtiko: Pronounced 'ah seer tee ko'. Claimed as originating on the island of Santorino where it is used to c
Asuretuli (Shavi): V. vinifera variety grown in Georgia (CIS). Has synonym name of Shaltrauben. Used to create a semi-d
Athens: American labruscana variety, derived from a Hubbard and Portland labruscana cross, that is one of th
Athiri: Pronounced 'I thee ree'. Claimed to be one of the most ancient varieties originating in Greece, taki
Atoka: This cultivar is reported by Hedrick (Grapes of New York, 1912) to be the result of a complex Americ
Aubin Blanc: Recently DNA checks have revealed this variety to possibly be the result of a Gouais Blanc x Tramine
Aubin Vert: (No other details other than it has synonym name of Blanc d'Euvizin and is one of the 16 known possi
Aubun: (No other details as yet other than it is a variety grown in the Southern Rhone region of France whe
Aurelia: (No other details other than it is a tablegrape recommended as disease resistant in the State of Ark
Aurore: Has synonym names Seibel 5279 and Aurora. Hardy, early sweet French-american hybrid variety widely g
Autuchon: Reported as released by Peter Arnold around 1870 in Ontario, Canada. According to Hedrick (Grapes of
Auxerrois: French local name for the Malbec, a.k.a Côt red wine grape species grown in the Cahors region of Fr
Auxerrois Blanc: Local name for variety, used for white wine production, grown in the northeast Moselle and Alsace re
Avanà: Thought by some to be the Gamay (Vert) mutant variety. Has synonym name Troyen in France. Rare varie
Avarengo: Has several synonym names including Croassera and Rondasca. Is grown in the Pinerolese DOC, Piedmont
Azal Branco: Grape cépage found in northern Portugal and used for early consumption 'vinho verde' wines. The dar
Azal Tinto: Also known as Caiño Longo. Native variety grown in Portugal/Spain. Has several synonym names: Caiñ
Bacchus: White-wine producing cross derived from Müller-Thurgau, Riesling and Sylvaner. Found in many Englis
Bacchus: Recorded as being a hardy, disease resistant, high acid, sterile pollinate V.riparia/labrusca variet
Bachet Noir: (No other details as yet other than it has the synonym name Francois Noir and is one of the 16 known
Baco Blanc: Has synonym name Baco 22A. No other details other than the variety is recommended for white wine pro
Baco Noir: (Pronounced 'bak-ko noo-w-arh'). Has synonym name Baco No.1. A sometimes overly vigorous French-Amer
Báhghâ: (a.k.a Baga). Red-wine grape widely grown in the Bairada DOC, Beiras region of Portugal. It is appar
Bailey: Internationally grown (Brazil, India, Korea, Japan) complex American/V.vinifera (Big Berry x Triumph
Balada: Black skinned variety found in Spain. Pedigree is reported to be Muscat Hamburg x Mortagua.
Baltica: Has synonym names Hasansky Sladky and Varajane Sinine. Listed as a blue-skinned berry having low tan
Balzac: Has several synonym names including Limousin Blanc. Recent DNA checks revealed that this variety is
Barbarossa: Winemaking variety found in France, Italy (Emilia-Romagna region) and, further east, the Balkans reg
Barbera: Semi-classic grape commonly grown in the Piedmont region and most of northern Italy. Now thought by
Baresana: Table/Wine grape cultivar derived from a Golden Hamburg x Muscat of Alexandria variety cross. Has ab
Baroque: Has several synonym names including Muscadelle de Nantes. White-wine producing variety found mainly
Bath: Has synonym name NY 18149. Derived from a complex labruscana Fredonia x (Chass. Rose Violet x Mills)
Batiki: (No information as yet on this variety, widely grown in Greece, used for white wine production).
Bazaleturi: Variety grown in Georgia (CIS) and used in white wine production. Has synonym name Tsolikouri. Used
Beaufort: American hybrid cultivar developed by Byron Johnson of Cincinnati, Ohio. Derived from a cross betwee
Beaumont: American hybrid cultivar suitable for Wine, Juice or Table use. Variety reportedly developed by the
Beaunoir: (No other details other than it is Chardonnay-like white-wine creating variety that is one of the kn
Beaver: Synonym name is G-388. Introduced 1947 by the Missouri State Fruit Experiment Station. Listed as der
Beichun: Is a complex American, Asian and Muscat Hamburg hybrid cultivar grown in China and elsewhere. Develo
Bell: Complex American cultivar created by T. V. Munson in 1881. Is a cross of Elvira x Delaware. Reported
Bellandais: Has synonym name Seibel 14596. Reported as derived from a Seibel 6468 x Seibel 5455 cross. No other
Bellone: Variety used for white wine production. Used as a component in an esteemed multi-wine blend called '
Ben Hur: Complex V.lincecumii x (Norton x Herbemont) variety created by T.V. Munson who reportedly considered
Bequignol Noir: V.vinifera having over 20 synonym names relating to vines established in Argentina, Australia, Brazi
Berlinka: Red-wine/tablegrape variety grown in Israel and South Africa. Has low tannins and medium body as a w
Bernarde: Variety grown in the Valais region of Switzerland. Has the premier synonym name Prie Blanc where gro
Beta: Reported as an extremely winter-hardy (to -50 deg. F) american complex V.riparia/labrusca cultivar d
Beverdino: Variety reported to be grown in the Colli Piacentini DOC of the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy where
Bianca: New cold climate and disease resistant cross-variety (Hungary patent pending?) available in W. New Y
Biancame: Ancient variety grown in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy and used for white wine production. Has
Bianco D'allesano: Variety used for white wine, grown in Italy and several Central European countries. Has several syno
Biancolella: Variety mostly found in Campania region of Italy. Used to produce aromatic yet acidic dry/sweet stil
Biancone: Minor grape grown in Italy and Australia. Listed as an alias name for the Trebbiano (below) in some
Bical: Variety used for white wine production in the Beiras district of Portugal. Can be found as a crisp,
Bicane: According to the Geilweilerhof database (above) this variety has over twenty synonym names including
Big Berry: Reported to be a V.lincecumii variety. Has synonym names Big Bunch and Great Cluster. Markedly vigor
Bigolona: No other details other than it is reported to be a black-skinned local variety grown in the Verona d
Black Alicante: Has several synonym names including Long Black Spanish, Black Saint Peters and Gros Maroc. Grown in
Black Beauty: V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) female pollinate variety. Vigorous, large fruit ripening uniformly in
Black Eagle: Result of a Concord x Black Prince cross dating from 1866. Has synonym name Underhill 8-12. Reported
Black Fry: Productive, disease resistant V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) female pollinate variety. Derived from
Black Malvoisie: Variety reportedly used for red wine production in California. Tentatively: may be (or related to) t
Black Riesling: Alias name for Pinot Meunier..
Black Spanish: Has several synonym names including Burgundy, Jacquez, Lenoir and Blue French. N.B:The latter name n
Black St. Peter: Commonly mentioned in American textbooks as the early 19th century Californian name for the variety
Blanc Du Bois: White-wine producer cultivar with Muscat-like flavor released (1987) for use in Florida where it has
Blanc Du Valdigne: Has several synonym names including Blanc de Morgex. Indigenous variety grown in the Val d'Aosta reg
Bland: Oldline (reported before 1804) American variety regarded as a labrusca/vinifera hybrid of found unkn
Blauburger: Cultivar developed circa 1920 at the Klosterneuburg Viticultural College, Austria that resulted from
Blauburgunder: Clone of Pinot Noir widely grown in Germany and Austria. Also known as Spätburgunder or Blauer Burg
Blaufränkisch: Once thought to be a Gamay type clone variety but now regarded as a separate variety grown in Austri
Blondin: Variety reported to be a complex hybrid with Post Oak, Norton, Herbemont and Ten Dollar Prize parent
Blue Eye: Released by the Missouri State Fruit Experiment Station at Mountain Grove. Introduced in 1947, this
Blue Lake: Developed by the University of Florida, this grape has good resistance to Pierce's Disease and bette
Bluebell: Derived from a Beta cross with an unknown variety. Is high quality blue seeded cultivar developed by
Boal: Has alias name of Bual and, under this name, the grapes are mostly used in the production of medium
Bobal: Has synonym names Provechón and Requena. Red-wine grape extensively grown in Spain. Produces deeply
Bogazkere: Variety grown in Turkey and used to make a red wine suitable for mixing with others such as Gamay an
Bogdanusa: Grown in Croatia (former Yugoslavia), this variety produces brown-freckled green skinned medium-larg
Bokay: Has synonym name G-994. Introduced 1947 by the Missouri State Fruit Experiment Station as derived fr
Bombino Bianco: (a.k.a Trebbiano d'Abruzzo in the Abruzzo). Widely grown in the Apulia region of southern Italy. Use
Bombino Nero: (See Bombino Bianca above).
Bonamico: Variety found in central Italy and Sardinia that is used for red wine, raisin and rootstock producti
Bonarda: Variety extensively grown in Argentina, currently thought by some to be totally unrelated to the var
Bonarda (Piemontese): Minor red grape grown in Piedmont region of Italy. Makes fruity red wine of mild intensity when blen
Bonarda Novarese: Alternate name for Uva Rara grape..
Bondola: Relatively rare indigenous red wine grape of southern Switzerland.
Bonvedro: Minor grape grown in Italy and Australia. In the latter country it is also known under the alias nam
Bonvino Nero: (See Cesanese below).
Bordo: Synonym name for the Cabernet Franc grape when grown in NE. Italy.
Borraçal: Red-wine variety grown in Spain and Portugal. Has several synonym names including Caiño Gordo, Cai
Bosco: White-wine producing variety mainly found in the Liguria region coastline DOC of Italy. Has synonym
Boskokisi: (No other details as yet other than its claim to fame as one of the parents of the Prachttraube cult
Bouchalès: Has several synonym names including Capbreton Rouge. Mainly grown in the Aquitaine/Charente regions
Bouchet: Alternate name for the Cabernet Franc grape when grown in certain cru areas of the Bordeaux region.
Bouchy: Local name for the Cabernet Franc grape grown in the Pyrenees region of France. Makes one of four wi
Bouquettraube: Has synonym name Bukettraube. Variety used for mediocre white wine production is grown in France, Ge
Bourboulenc: Minor white-wine producing variety, grown in southern Rhone region of France, sometimes used in loca
Bouvier: Minor native grape grown in Austria. Reported as derived from a seedling crossed by Mr. Bouvier. One
Bovale Piccolo: Red wine grape grown in central Sardinia. Used to make aromatic dry varietal, and rosés, (also blen
Brachetto: Minor grape grown in Cuneo province, Piedmont, Italy. Often used to make light, frizzante low-alcoho
Brandis: Reported to be a complex V.riperia x V.labrusca x V.aestivalis female pollinate vine resistant to fu
Brant: Reported to have been developed (around 1860) in Ontario, Canada, this cultivar is a cross between t
Braquet: (see also Brachetto above). Red-wine grape grown in the Provence region of France where, as the main
Breidecker: This cultivar was released by the Geisenheim Research Station, Germany, in 1962. Has the technical n
Brianna: This Elmer Swenson cross was created in 1983. Its synonym name is ES 7-4-76. A greenish-gold grape,
Brighton: Has synonym names Trask and Royal Rose. Suitable for wine or tablegrape use it is reported as derive
Brilliant: T.V. Munson developed (1883) complex V.labrusca/vinifera/bourquiniana cultivar derived from a Lindle
Brockton: Derived from a Brighton x (Winchell x Diamond) cross. Resembles the Niagara variety but is less 'fox
Bronx (Seedless): Has synonym name NY 12583. Currently recommended as suitable for raisin or tablegrape use. Reported
Bryant: Has synonym name G-2589. Released in 1947 by the Missouri State Fruit Experiment Station. Listed as
Budai Zöld: Has several synonym names including Zelenka. Early flowering vine grown in Hungary that generally ri
Buffalo: Has synonym names NY 10830 and Early Steuben. Vigorous, productive, early ripening (around 2 weeks b
Burgaw: Complex V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) cultivar. Derived from a Thomas x (Scuppernong F.P x Florida
Burger: Once thought to be identical with the obscure french grape known as Monbadon this variety, used for
Buzzetto: Variety mainly restricted to the Quiliano DOC in Liguria, Italy. Used to make a fresh, crisply acidi
Cabernet Cubin: Has synonym name WE 70-281-35. Developed and subsequently released in November, 1999, this V.vinifer
Cabernet Dorio: V.vinifera variety, synonym name WE 71-817-89, developed and subsequently released in November, 1999
Cabernet Dorsa: V.vinifera variety, having synonym name WE 71-817-92 reported as developed and subsequently released
Cabernet Franc: Recently - (4-97) - discovered to be one of the parent grape varieties that gave rise to the Caberne
Cabernet Gros: Australian synonym name for the Trousseau grape of France.
Cabernet Mitos: Has synonym name WE 70-77-4F. Reported as derived from a Cabernet Sauvignon x Lemberger cross by the
Cabernet Pfeffer: Variety reported developed in California in the late 1800's as a cross between Cabernet Sauvignon an
Cabernet Sauvignon: A 'noble' grape famous as one of the main varieties, along with Merlot, Cabernet Franc and others us
Cabernet Severnyi: Hybrid red wine V. Amurensis hybrid cross variety created in Russia to withstand cold climatic condi
Caco: Winter hardy to -20 deg. F. (ca -29 C.) seeded, sweet red-fruited variety derived from a Concord x C
Cal Karasi: Variety grown in Turkey and used to make an undistinguished low-acid rosé wine. No other details as
Calabrese: Alternate name for the Nero d'Avola grape..
Caladoc: Derived from a Grenache x Malbec cross for use in the Mediterranean climate of the coastal regions o
Calbanesco: Indigenous variety grown in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy. At least one local producer makes a
Calitor: Red wine grape variety grown in the Lirac AC north-west of Avignon and in the coastal Bandol AC betw
Callet: Scarce native red-wine grape found on the island of Mallorca, along with two others indigenous to th
Calzin: Variety developed in 1937 and released in 1958 by H.P. Olmo of U.Davis, California. Is the result of
Camaralet De Lasseube: Has several synonym names, including Petite Camaran. Is a variety grown in the Jurançon region of F
Camarèse: Variety used in red wine blends of the Cotes du Ventoux east of Avignon, France.
Campbell Early: One of the early 19th century American labrusca hybrids: created in Ohio from two complex Concord se
Canada: Variety developed by Charles Arnold of Paris, Ontario, Canada, around 1860. Is a sibling seedling of
Canada Muscat: Created by the Geneva Research Institute of New York in 1961, this cultivar is a cross between Musca
Canadice: Very hardy sweet red-skinned seedless grape released in 1977 by the N.Y. (Geneva) Research Station.
Canaiolo (Nero): Minor grape grown in the Tuscany region of northern Italy. Red wine from this variety is often used
Cape Riesling: Not related to the Riesling grape cépage in any way. Is actually the Crouchen varietal now sparsely
Captain: Complex Munson cultivar. One of the parents of the Bokay, Eleven Point and Gasconade sibling varieti
Captivator: Hybrid red bunchgrape developed and released in 1902 by the dedicated T.V. Munson as suitable for ce
Cardinal: Table/winegrape variety derived from a cross between the Flame Tokay and Ribier (Noir) varieties.
Carignan: Has the synonym names Cariñena (ie: Carinyena), Mazuela or Mazuelo in Spain, Gragnano in Italy, Car
Carina: Variety developed in Australia and used to produce dried grapes.
Carlos: Used to make as a varietal wine by several U.S. wineries, mainly in Arkansas, N. Carolina and Missis
Carman: Derived from a Premier (V.lincecumii) x Triumph cross. Reported to be cold-hardy, disease resistant
Carmenère: Has synonym name Grande Vidure. Very limited plantings of this red wine grape are now found in the M
Carmina: Developed at the Geilweilerhof Research Institute, Germany, this cultivar is a cross between the Bla
Carmine: Red wine grape cross derived from same parents and by same oenologist as Carnelian below and similar
Carminoir: Variety resulting from a Pinot Noir x Cabernet Sauvignon cross. No other details as yet other than i
Carnelian: Released in the early 1970's, this red-wine grape was created by Dr. H. P. Olmo, a U. Davis oenologi
Carricante: White-wine producing variety mainly found in the Etna DOC region of Sicily. Synonym names are Catane
Carter: Has several synonym names, including Mammoth Globe, and was obtained from an Isabella hybrid variety
Carver: (No details as yet other than it is one of the parents of the Beta american labruscana variety).
Cascade: Has synonym name Seibel 13053. Early, moderately hardy blue French-American hybrid grape unfortunate
Cassady: Has synonym names Arcott, Arnott and Arrott. Reported to be a V.labrusca/vinifera(?) chance seedling
Castel: French-American hybrid cultivar grown in the Finger Lakes region of New York. Recommended as suitabl
Castelão Francês: Red-wine grape grown in the Ribatejo and other regions of southern Portugal. Has synonym name of Per
Castor: Has synonym name Geilweilerhof B-7-2. Variety reported as derived from a (Oberlin 595)F1 x Foster's
Catarrato Bianco: Variety native to Sicily where it is found widely grown along the western coast. Usually blended wit
Catarrato Nero: Winegrape variety grown in Italy and elsewhere. Has synonym name Greani.
Catawba: This historically important variety is reportedly a N. Carolina chance seedling, selected prior to 1
Cayuga (White): A recommended hybrid cross, developed 1947 and released in 1972 by the Geneva (NY) Research Station,
Cenicero: Red-wine grape local to the Rioja Alta region of Spain. Used to make good regional varietal wine.
Centurion: Red grape cross with same parents as Carnelian above and created by same viticulturist. Used for ble
Cerceal: Variety, used in white wine production, grown in Portugal. The Sercial grape grown on the island of
Cesanese: (aka Bonvino Nero). Red wine grape of ancient origin mostly found in the Latium region of central It
César (Noir): Synonyms include Celar, Gros Monsieur, Picargniot, Romain and Romano. Recent (2001) DNA analysis has
Cetinka: V.vinifera variety grown in Croatia (former Yugoslavia). Individually staked, the vine produces high
Challenger: Has synonym G-2963. Seedless tablegrape variety with unknown parentage released by the Missouri Stat
Chambourcin (Noir): Has synonym name Joannes Seyve 26205. Bunch rot resistant, mildly winter-hardy to -5 deg. F.(ca -20
Champanel: Large, vigorous American hybrid grape with high heat and drought resistance. Commonly grown in Texas
Chancellor (Noir): A french-american hybrid (Seibel 7053) with origins in the Rhone Valley of France. Hardy, ripens in
Chaouch Blanc: (No other details other than it is a V. Vinifera cross cultivar with several synonym names).
Charbono: Is a californian alias name for the french Douce Noire variety. Many other synonym names (noted in t
Chardonel: Recommended frost-hardy French-American hybrid cross released in 1990 and descended from the Seyval
Chardonnay: (aka Feinburgunder and Morillon in Austria). This variety is the best-known white-wine producer grow
Charmont: White-wine producing variety with Chasselas x Chardonnay pedigree grown in the Valais district of Sw
Chasan: (Pronounced 'sha-sawn'). White-wine producing grape cross derived from the Chardonnay and Listan var
Chasselas: (Pronounced 'shash-lah'). Semi-classic variety grown in Switzerland, France, Germany, New Zealand an
Chasselas De Courtiller: V.vinifera variety now thought to be one of the parents of the Muller-Thurgau cultivar. No other det
Chasselas Duhamel: Listed as having the synonym name Chasselas Vibert. Grown in France where it is reported to ripen ar
Chasselas Rose: Is currently thought to be a mutant clone of Chasselas that usually ripens in mid-September. May hav
Chauché Gris: Mutation of the Trousseau vinifera grape grown in France. Currently known in California as Grey Ries
Chelois: Has synonym name Seibel 10878 and is pronounced 'shell-oy'. French-american hybrid grape, with Jaege
Chenel: Acidic, disease-resistant vinifera cultivar grown in South Africa. Is result of a Chenin Blanc x Ugn
Chenin Blanc: A widely grown white-wine producing variety, known as Steen in South Africa, Pineau de la Loire in t
Chinuri: V.vinifera variety grown in Georgia (CIS). Used as an ingredient of sparkling white wine blends alon
Chkhaveri: Grown in Georgia (CIS), this V.vinifera variety has the synonym name Tchkhaveri. Mostly found made i
Chontay: Derived from a Massasoit x Beta cross. No other details as yet.
Cienna: Variety recently released by Australia's CSIRO winegrape development program as a recommended red-wi
Ciliegiolo: Red-wine grape used as a component in a multi-wine blend known as 'Velletri Rosso'. Wines from good
Cimarron: Has synonym name Oklahoma 23 S 52. Reported as derived from a selected V.cinerea canescens x Seneca
Cinsaut: (A.K.A Cinsault) Semi-classic grape widely grown in southern France, Italy and also in the Lebanon.
Cividin Bianco: Has synonym name of Cividino. Rare variety grown in N. Italy and used to make an aromatic, flavorsom
Clairette: Minor grape grown in the south of France and used with the Muscat grape to create a sparkling dry or
Clinton: Has synonym names Plant des Carmes, Plant Pouzin and Worthington. Oldline American native V.riperia/
Cococciola: Has synonym name Cacciola. Reported as a variety that may be added to the Trebbiano d'Abruzzo white
Coda Di Volpe: Variety grown in Campania, Italy, especially near Naples, and used for white blending wine in the 'L
Codega: Has synonym name of Roupeiro and is one of the main varieties known under the alias name of Boal, or
Colobel: Has synonym name Seibel 8357. Ripening in mid-October this productive, slightly cold hardy, French-A
Colombard: Better known as French Colombard in North America. The grapes from old vines are crushed by some nor
Colorino: Variety occasionally used in a light-bodied blend, based on Sangiovese, with other red wines of Tusc
Columna: Variety grown in the Dealul Mara region of Romania. Small/medium clusters of medium size berries rip
Cometta: Red wine variety grown in central Italy. Used as an ingredient in sweet wine blends.
Comtessa: Cool climate cultivar derived from the Traminer and Madeleine Angevine varieties. Claimed to produce
Concord: Historically important - (introduced to the Northeast USA around 1850) - very hardy native American
Conquistador: Is possibly the most successful of the hybrid red bunchgrapes developed for Florida and the lower Gu
Cornalin: (a.k.a Rouge du Pays). Vigorous ancient variety grown in the Valais canton of Switzerland and used t
Corot Noir: Pronounced 'kor OH-new ah'. Recently (2006) released wine grape from NYS Agricultural Station at Gen
Cortese: (Pronounced 'cor-teh-zeh'). Minor grape grown in the Piedmont region of Italy and used to make the '
Corvina Nera: Has several synonym names including Corvina Veronese and Corvina Gentile. Used with several other gr
Corvinone Veronese: Has synonym names Corvina Grossa and Cruinon. Reported to be quite similar to the Corvina Nera varie
Côt: Synonym name in the Bordeaux region of France for Malbec variety.. Also has synonym names Pressac an
Cottage: This V.labrusca cultivar is reported by Hedrick (Grapes of New York, 1912) as a seedling derived fro
Couderc Noir: Has synonym name Couderc 7120. French-American hybrid, still widely grown in France, derived from th
Counoise: Semi-classic grape grown in the southern Rhone and Pyrenees regions of France and used in the red wi
Courbu Blanc: Has several synonym names including Vieux Pacherenc. Variety grown in the Pyrenees regions of France
Courbu Noir: Has synonym name Dolceolo. Variety used to create a red wine blend known as 'Madiran', found in the
Courbu Petit: Has synonym name Petit Courbu.
Courtiller Musque: Thought to be one of the parents of Goldriesling below.
Cove: Has synonym names Conegliano and Dalmasso 13-11. Derived from a Harslevelue x Malvasia Trevisana cro
Covert: V.Labrusca variety reported by Hedrick 'Grapes of New York, 1912' as a chance seedling discovered by
Cowart: V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) bronze self-fertile variety. Has synonym name Georgia 12-2-2. Derived
Creveling: V.labrusca variety of uncertain origin that has synonym names that include Bloom, Catawissa and Laur
Criolla Chica: Argentine synonym for the Pais grape grown in Chile. The mutation known as Criolla Grande is used to
Criolla Grande: (See Criolla Chica above).
Crljenak Kasteljanski: (Pronounced 'curl-yen-ik kastel-yanskee'). Has synonym names Pribidrag and Tribidrag. Variety indige
Croatina: Minor grape grown in the Piedmont, (Piemonte), region of Italy. The Bonarda of the 'Colli Piacentini
Crouchen: (a.k.a Cruchen). Variety translocated from France to Australia and South Africa where it is used in
Cserszegi Fuszeres: Hungarian cross derived from Irsai Olivér and Piros Tramini 1960 varieties (the latter variety appe
Csillám: Variety grown in Hungary and reported as derived from a (unknown) Seyve Villard x Csaba Gyongye 1966
Cynthiana: Local lore suggests this oldline red wine producing grapevine was a 'chance find' wild growth in the
Dakota: Winegrape cultivar recommended as suitable for growing in Saskatchewan, Canada.
Dalniewostoznyd Ramning: Usually referred to as 'Dalni Ramning' by growers. Is severe cold resistant -30 deg. F. (ca -35 C.)
Dameron: Has several synonym names including Pinot Rouge. Is possibly derived from a Pinot cepage x Gouais Bl
Darlene: Bronze, female-pollinate V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) variety. Claimed to be the best of the bronz
Dattier St. Vallier: Has synonym names Muscat de St. Vallier Blanc, Muscat Santa Valliere. Technical name is Seyve Villar
Daytona: Is a Southern bunch grape bred in Florida. In areas with hot nights it ripens with a pink blush. If
Dearing: V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) variety. Result of a Luola x Burgaw cross. Reported to have small, sw
Debina: Variety found widely grown in N.W. Greece and Albania. Mainly used to produce a sparkling, fresh you
Dechaunac: Has technical name Seibel 9549. Productive, hardy to -15 deg. F (ca -26 C.), mid-October ripening fr
Deckrot: Developed at the Freiburg Research Institute, Germany, this is a red-fleshed teinturier cultivar der
Delaware: A native American hybrid grape variety found in Delaware, Ohio and first publicised in 1849. Accordi
Delicatessan: This variety is a productive, disease resistant, complex (7-species) T.V Munson bred hybrid (R.W. Mu
Delicious: Complex V.lincecumii/bourquiniana variety derived by Munson in 1887 from a Big Berry x Herbemont cro
Delight: Has synonym name Dilajt. V.vinifera derived from a Königen der Weingärten x Sultanine Blanche cros
Devereaux: V. bourquiniana variety, suitable as wine/tablegrape, grown in U.S.A and Brazil. According to the Ge
Diagalves: V.vinifera variety grown in Portugal. Has several synonym names including Carnal, Fernan Fer, Formos
Diamond: Also known as Moore's Diamond. American native vine and vinifera hybrid grape created (1885) in Brig
Diamond Muscat: Has synonym name C96-54. Californian selection (1989) derived from the complex parentage cross A13-2
Diana: Is an old-line nineteenth century American labruscana variety named after Diana Crehore, the origina
Diana Hamburg: Derived from a Diana x Muscat Hamburg cross. For more information see description of Brighton or Dia
Dimiat: White-wine grape widely grown in Bulgaria. Mainly used to produce sweet wines for early consumption.
Dindarella: Has synonym names Pellada, Pelara and Quajara. Variety grown in the Veneto region of northern Italy
Dinka: White-wine grape variety widely grown in Hungary and other east european regions. No other details a
Diolinoir: Variety resulting from a Rouge de Diolly x Pinot Noir cross. No other details yet other than the var
Diolly: Has synonym name Rouge de Diolly. Grown in the Saint-Gall canton of eastern Switzerland, where it is
Dixie: V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) complex variety derived from a Topsail x (Lucida x Wallace) cross. Ha
Dixie Red: Red self-fertile V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) variety derived from a Georgia S.44-6 x Georgia S.44
Dixieland: Bronze V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) variety derived from a Fry x Georgia S.29-49 cross. Has the sy
Dobricic: Variety indigenous to Croatia (former province of Yugoslavia). Recent DNA analysis (late 2001) has f
Dog Ridge: Has synonym name Dogridge. Female V.champini variety (ie. natural hybrid reported to be result of a
Dolcetto: Well-known grape widely grown in Piedmont region of Italy. Has synonym name Nera Dolce, meaning 'Swe
Domina: Variety developed by the Geilweilerhof Research Institute of Germany from a Blau Portuguiser x Spät
Don Muscat: V.amurensis hybrid variety. (No other details other than it is reported to have early budbreak, low
Doña Blanco: White-wine variety grown in N.W Spain. Found in the El Bierzo region between Leon and Galicia. Known
Doradillo: Australian alias name for the Jaén Blanco variety used for white wine production in Portugal. The g
Doral: Variety resulting from a Chasselas x Chardonnay cross. No other details as yet other than it is used
Doreen: V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) variety derived from a Higgins x Dixie cross. This bronze self-fertil
Dornfelder: Recent vine resulting from a Helfensteiner x Heroldrebe cross gaining wide popularity in Germany and
Dr. Collier: Variety reported as derived from a (Ten Dollar Prize x Concord) , Lincecumii, Labrusca crossing by T
Dracut Amber O.P.: Has synonym name Early Amber. Reported as an American labrusca variety originated from unknown paren
Drupeggio: Variety grown in the Orvieta DOC, Umbria, Italy. Has synonym names Drupeccio and Lupeccio. Usually t
Duna Gyöngye: Reported as derived from a Seibel 4986 x Csaba Gyöngye 1966 cross, this variety is grown in Hungary
Dunkelfelder: Developed at the Freiburg Research Institute, Germany, this is a red-fleshed teinturier cultivar der
Dunstan (Demko): Female pollinate variety derived from a (V.simpsonii x Marguerite) x (U.K American hybrid x Seyve Vi
Dunstan 2: Variety derived from a Chasselas Rose Violet x Seneca cross. No other details as yet other than it i
Duras: Minor grape grown in the Gaillac AC northeast of Toulouse, France. Has several synonym names includi
Durello: Is alias name for Nosiola variety grown in the Veneto region of Italy. Used there to make still and
Dureza: Variety reported as native to the Ardèche region of France. Recent DNA analysis has shown that it i
Durif: Has several synonym names including Duriff and Pinot de l'Ermitage. Well known variety grown in Fran
Durize: (No details as yet other than it is a red wine producing variety, possibly indigenous, grown in the
Dutchess: American hybrid grape derived from a Concord seedling pollinated by mixed pollens of Delaware, and t
Dzvelshava: V.vinifera variety grown in Georgia (CIS). Usually found as one of the varieties (that also include
Early Burgundy: (See Abourion above).
Early Daisy: Reported as derived from a Hartford O.P developed in Pennsylvania. Cold hardy variety matures early,
Edelweiss: Created by Elmer Swenson, this cultivar is derived from an Ontario x (Beta x Witt) cross. Very winte
Eden: Disappointing vitis hybrid variety, synonym name N.Y 11737, for New York State. Derived from an Onta
Eger 2: Has alternate name Seyve-Villard 12-375 O.P and so appears to be a selection related to Villard Blan
Ehrenfelser: White-wine variety, resulting from the crossing of Riesling and a Sylvaner clone, developed in 1929
Einset (Seedless): Patented and released in 1985 by the Geneva Research Station (NY). Early ripening, shy-bearing cool-
Elbling (Weiss): (a.k.a Weisser Silvaner). White-wine grape of ancient origin mostly found in limited plantings in th
Elbling Schwarz: V.vinifera variety with several synonym names listed by the Geilweilerhof database (in Foreword abov
Eleven Point: Female pollinate derived from a Captain x Terret Monstre cross. Sibling of Gasconade and Bokay. Deve
Elita 2-3-61: Possibly developed by the Viticultural Station at Odessa, Ukraine. No other details except reported
Ellen Scott: American hybrid variety developed by T. V. Munson. Derived from a Armlong x Malaga cross. Lavendar c
Elvicand: Variety developed by T.V Munson from a cross reported as Elvira x (complex V. candicans, V. riparia,
Elvira: Reportedly discovered in Missouri in 1870, this old-line complex american labrusca/riparia/vinifera
Emerald (Seedless): Seedless hybrid table grape that is one of the parents, along with the Athens variety, of the Marqui
Emerald Riesling: White-wine hybrid variety developed by H. C. Olmo of UC Davis from a crossing of Muscadelle de Borde
Emily: Labrusca-vinifera hybrid variety, created by Peter Raab of Philadelphia in the 19th century. Histori
Emir: Variety grown in Turkey where it is used to create a modest white-wine varietal or blends with such
Enantio: Has synonym names Lambrusca Nostrano and Lambrusca a Folglia Frastagliata. Reported as grown in the
Enfariné: This variety has several synonym names including Gouais Noir. No other details as yet other than the
Eona: Cultivar developed 1925 by N.E. Hansen in S. Dakota. Derived from a cross of Lady Washington (a comp
Erbaluce: Minor grape grown in northern Piedmont, a region of Italy, and used to make dry, eg. 'Erbaluce di Ca
Ermitage: Synonym name for the white-wine Marsanne grape where grown in Switzerland.
Esgana (Cão): Synonym for the Sercial grape widely grown on the island of Madeira and known as Cerceal where grown
Espadeiro: Red-wine grape grown in northern Portugal and also in bordering Galicia, Spain. Mostly used in 'vinh
Espirit: Patented American x Vinifera cultivar developed by Elmer Swenson as suitable for wine or table use i
Eumalan: American chance seedling thought to be derived from labrusca, vinifera and aestivalis parentage dati
Extra: Variety reported as a T. V. Munson complex American (V.lincecumii) cross created from Big Berry x Tr
Ezerjó: Has many synonym names (see Geilweilerhof database in Foreword above). This variety, widely planted
Faber: (a.k.a Faberrebe). Derived from the crossing of the Weissburgunder and Müller-Thurgau with the aim
Falanghina: White-wine grape found in the Campania region of Italy. Wine made from the ancestor of this grape wa
Fantasy: Has synonym name C23-92. V.vinifera derived from a cross between B31-27 x C78-68. Created for use as
Farrer: Black, female pollinate, V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) variety. Reported to be a vigorous, high-yie
Favorita: Minor grape grown in the Piedmont region in Italy and having pleasant citric flavors. Reported to ha
Favorite: Tentatively identified as a Black Spanish x Herbemont cross in the Geilweilerhof database (see site
Feinburgunder: Synonym name for the Chardonnay variety in Germany and the regions of Vienna and Burgenland of Austr
Fendant: Synonym name for the Chasselas grape where grown in the Vaud and Valais districts of Switzerland.
Fer: Also known as Fer Servadou, Brocol, Braucol, Mansois and Pinenc. The name apparently refers to the i
Fern Munson: Derived from a Post Oak x Triumph cross. Bears large clusters of very juicy dark red fruit. No other
Fernão Pires: White-wine variety widely grown in the Ribatejo and other regions of Portugal. Used to make aromatic
Festivee: Tablegrape variety developed by Vineland Research Station, Ontario, Canada and released in 1976. Has
Feteasca: Has synonym name Fetiaska. Several variant varieties of this cepáge are grown. The Feteasca Regala
Fiano: Minor, but of ancient origin, grape grown in Campania region of southern Italy. Makes balanced, eleg
Fié: White-wine grape of ancient origin once widely grown in the Loire region of France. Now thought by s
Fiesta: Has synonym name Fresno 18-94. V.vinifera grown as a tablegrape. No other details as yet.
Findling: A mutated version of the Müller-Thurgau grape..
Flame (Seedless): Seedless table grape, also suitable for wine-making, widely grown in Australia. Also found in the co
Flame Tokay: Appears to be a synonym name for a mutated version of the V.vinifera Ahmeur Bou Ahmeur variety from
Flora: Has synonym name California H59-90. Reported to be a selected cross of Semillon x Traminer Rot creat
Florental: Hybrid variety with Gamay Noir heritage. Has synonym name Burdin 7705 and is reportedly a french cul
Florida Fry: Complex bronze, self-fertile V.rotundifolia (i.e. Muscadine) cultivar derived from a Triumph x Flori
Florigon: V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) variety. Reported as one of the best of the Muscadine cultivars for i
Foch: (see Marechal Foch below).
Fogoneu: Native red-wine grape indigenous to the island of Mallorca along with two others named Callet and Ma
Fogoneu Francés: Native variety grown on the island of Mallorca.
Folle Blanche: Has many synonym names: including Damery, and Hivernage in the northern regions of France. Minor var
Forastera: Variety used for white wine production mainly found in the Ischia, Campania DOC of Italy. Used to pr
Forcallat: Variety grown in La Mancha province of Spain. Mainly used in red wine blends.
Forta: Derived from a Silvaner x Madeleine Angevine cross. Frost-hardy in a good site. Reported as having s
Fortana: Variety grown in Emilia-Romagna region of Italy. Has several alias names including Brugnola and Uva
Foster: Variety reported to be a Niagara sport selected seedling. No other details as yet.
Foster's White Seedling: Reported to be a Marocain Noir x Chasselas cross created in England and recommended for tablegrape u
Franc Noir De La Haute Saône: Variety possibly derived from a Pinot cepage x Gouais Blanc cross. Has several synonym names includi
Francavilla: Variety used for white wine production in Apulia, Italy. Found in a blend with Impigno wine.
Francusa: Has synonym name Frincusa. Variety grown in Romania that is best trained to bi-lateral cordons with
Frankisch: Reported to be a very ancient variety considered to be one of the progenitors of all european Vitis
Fredonia: Very winter hardy native American labruscana hybrid red wine grape similar to and regarded as a clos
Freisa: Vigorous variety grown in Piedmont region of Italy and used to make both dry and spumante-style swee
Freisamer: No details as yet other than it is a white wine producing variety mainly grown in the eastern distri
Frontenac: Vigorous, extremely winter-hardy to -30 deg. F (ca -35 C.), heavy producing and disease resistant V.
Frontenac Gris: Recently developed cultivar by the Horticultural Research Center, Excelsior, Minnesota, USA. Ripens
Frueher Malingre: (No other details as yet other than this variety is a synonym name for Pré de Malingre and is claim
Frühroter Veltliner: Has the alias name Malvasier (problematic because the latter synonym name occurs in numerous other s
Fry: Complex bronze V.rotundifolia (i.e Muscadine) cultivar derived from a Georgia 19-43 x USDA 19-11 cro
Fry Seedless: Red, self-fertile V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) variety, derived from a Farrer x Redgate cross, nee
Fumin: Limited amounts of this indigenous variety grown in Valle d'Aosta region of N.W. Italy. Used in good
Furmint: Widely grown grape in Hungary and eastern Europe. Recent DNA analysis (2002) suggests the variety re
Gaglioppo: Variety used to produce strong, young-drinking, wines in the Donnici DOC, Calabria region of Souther
Galibert 261-12: Reported as a French/American V.hybrid.
Galibert Coulondre 261-13: Has synonym name Cadillon Dore. Reported to be a a white-skinned grape cultivar. No other details as
Gamaret: Vigorous red wine grape cultivar mainly grown in the Vaud/Valais districts of Switzerland. Reported
Gamay: At least three different vitis vinifera grape species are permitted to use the term 'Gamay' as their
Gamay Beaujolais: According to investigations by Dr. Olmo of Davis U. the Gamay Beaujolais variety is a widely grown,
Gamay De Bouze: (see Teinturier below).
Gamay Noir À Jus Blanc: The Gamay Noir variety is now considered to be yet another clonal version from the Pinot cépage. Th
Gamay Noir Droit: Gamay Noir variety clone popular in the Niagara region of Ontario, Canada. Reported to be a vigorous
Gamba Di Pernice: Red-wine variety grown on very limited acreage in Piedmonte region of Italy. Used to make a pale red
Gamza: This variety, currently widely grown in northern Bulgaria, is identical to the Kadarka (Blau) of Hun
Ganzin 1: Has synonym names Aramon Ganzin and Aramon Rupestris. Reported as derived from an Aramon x Unknown V
Garanoir: Variety derived from a Gamay Noir x Reichensteiner cross. Has synonym names Granoir and Pully B-28.
Garganega: White-wine grape widely grown in the Veneto region of NE. Italy. It makes the base wine of the well-
Garonnet: Has synonym name Seyve Villard 18-283. Complex variety derived from a Chancellor x (Le) Subereux cro
Gasconade: Has synonym name G-1013. Medium size, black-skinned grape on large, compact clusters introduced in 1
Geisenheim Gm318-57: White wine producing hybrid cultivar technically known as GM318-57 created in 1957. Reported as deri
Genouillet: Variety reported (2001) to be the possible result of a Gouais Blanc x Tressot cross. No other detail
Georgia 19-43: Complex V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) cultivar.
Gewürztraminer: (Geh-Verts-Tram-In-Er). Specific clone(s) of the parent Traminer variety are widely grown, having li
Girò: Old variety used for red wine production in S.W. Sardinia. High alcohol potential makes it suitable
Glenora: Derived from an Ontario x Russian Seedless cross. Vigorous, winter hardy to about -15 deg. F (-26 C)
Gloire De Montpellier: Has over 20 synonym names listed in the Geilweilerhof Database (above). Vitis riparia vine used as a
Gloria: Wine/tablegrape derived from a Silvaner x Müller-Thurgau cross developed at the Geilweilerhof Insti
Glorie Boskoop: Has several synonym names including Boskoops Glorie and Glory Boskoop. Reported to be a blue-skinned
Gmelin: Variety 'Vitis Silvestris' vine. No other details as yet other than it is a close relative of Tramin
Godello: Has synonym names Agudello, Berdello and Ojo de Gallo in Spain and Godelho in the Atlantic provinces
Goff: Has synonym name NY 797. Developed from an unknown V.labrusca/vinifera/aestavalis seedling. Released
Goldburger: Variety grown in Austria that was derived by the crossing of Orangetraube x Welschriesling V. vinife
Golden Chasselas: Known under the name Chasselas Doré in Australia, France and California where it is mainly grown as
Golden Isles: V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) variety. Derived from a Fry x Georgia 19-6 cross. No other details as
Golden Muscat: Hardy, productive vine derived from a (Moore's) Diamond and Muscat Hamburg variety cross. Suitable f
Goldmuskateller: White-wine grape used to produce dry and dessert wines, best consumed early, in the Alto Adige regio
Goldriesling: Supposedly ancient grape producing mainly mediocre white wines. Listed by some as a cross between Ri
Gouais (Blanc): (a.k.a Gwäss or Gwaess). Obscure, heavy bearing, white-wine variety historically used to produce a
Graciano: Late-budding red-wine grape grown in the Rioja and Somontano regions of Spain, ripening there in mid
Granny Val: Bronze V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) self-fertile variety. Derived from a Fry x Carlos cross. Very
Grau Portuguiser: V.vinifera variety grown in Austria and elsewhere in central and eastern Europe. Has synonym name Op
Grauer Burgunder: Alternate name for the Pinot Gris grape in both Austria and Germany..
Grechetto: Has synonym name Greghetto. Reported to be somewhat susceptible to Downy Mildew disease. Widely grow
Greco Bianco: (See Greco Nero below).
Greco Nero: White-wine grape of ancient origin, probably Greek, grown extensively in southern Italy. A sub-varie
Grenache: Also confusingly known under the synonym names Alicante in the south of France and Guarnaccia in the
Grenache Gris: Thought to be a mutated version of Grenache. Used to produce undistinguished white wines in southern
Grey Riesling: (a.k.a Chauché Gris. See above).
Grignolino: Commonly grown grape in the Piedmont region of Italy. Makes light red color wine with very fruity ar
Grillo: Widely grown white-wine grape variety in Sicily, where it is mainly used in the blend known as 'Mars
Grk: Grown extensively in Croatia (former Yugoslavia), this low-yielding female V.vinifera variety is rep
Grolleau: Widely grown grape in the temperate regions of France. Also known as the Groslot. Used as a blend wi
Gropello: Synonym for the Rossignola red wine variety. Is used for creating the Valtenesi Rosso wine blend fou
Gros Guillaume: Also known as Grosse Guillaume. Vinifera variety. Has synonym name Rognon de Coq. (No other details
Groslot: (see Grolleau above).
Grüner Veltliner: Recent (2002) DNA analysis proposed that this variety is a member of the Traminer cépage, with muta
Gurdjaani: (No details as yet other than it is used to produce a white wine in Georgia, CIS.)
Gutedel: (a.k.a Weisser Gutedel). Is the german synonym name for the french Chasselas grape when grown in the
Gutenborner: Variety derived from a Müller-Thurgau x Chasselas Napolean cross developed at the Geisenheim Resear
Gwäss: (a.k.a Gwaess). Indigenous white-wine grape of Switzerland now rarely found. Synonym name in France
Haengling Blau: V.vinifera variety developed and subsequently released in 1999 by the Weinsberg/Württemberg Wine Re
Hamburg Moschato: Muscat cépage table-grape widely grown in Greece. Also used for making a mild blending wine. (See a
Harmony: Female variety almost exclusively used as a moderately productive rootstock for grapevines grown in
Hárslevelü: Has many synonym names (see Geilweilerhof database in Foreword above). V.vinifera cultivar tradition
Hartford: Variety once extensively grown in New York, deriving from a chance seedling found (around 1849) in W
Headlight: Reported to be a variety derived from a Moyer seed x Brilliant pollen cross breeding by T.V. Munson
Hegel: V.vinifera variety with synonym name Weinsberg S 342. Derived from a Helfensteiner x Heroldrebe cros
Heida (Païen): White-wine grape found in the Valais district of Switzerland. Of ancient origin it is thought to be
Helfensteiner: V.vinifera cultivar developed and recently released by the Weinsberg/Württemberg Wine Research Stat
Herbemont: According to the Geilweilerhof database has several synonym names including Warren. Thought to be a
Herbert: Derived from a Carter x Black Hamburg cross. Vigorous, productive and moderately winter hardy cultiv
Hermann: According to Hedrick (Grapes of New York, 1912), this variety originated about 1860 from a seedling
Heroldrebe: V.vinifera cultivar created and recently released by the Weinsberg/Württemberg Wine Research Statio
Heunisch Blau: V. Vitis cultivar released around 1990 that has genetic similarities to Furmint, Räuschling and Gam
Hibernal (Weiss): No other details other than this variety, developed in Germany, is derived from a Seibel 7053 x Ries
Higgins: Complex pink to reddish bronze V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) female pollinate cultivar derived from
Himbertsca: (No details as yet other than it is a white wine producing variety probably indigenous to the Valais
Himrod: Seedless grape released in 1952 and fairly widely grown in Western New York. Very winter hardy, usua
Hoelder: V.vinifera cultivar with synonym names Hölder and Weinsberg S 397. Derived from a Riesling x Pinot
Hopkins: According to the USDA database, this T.V Munson developed (1905) variety was derived from a complex
Horizon: Productive, vigorous patented white-wine hybrid grape variety derived from a Seyval Blanc x Schuyler
Howard: Reported to be a complex V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) cultivar derived from a Scuppernong x V. rot
Humagne Blanc: Ancient variety, documented since 1313AD, grown in the Valais canton of Switzerland where it is used
Humagne Rouge: Red wine grape of ancient origin indigenous to Switzerland. Can yield rich, plummy wines similar to
Hungarian: Winegrape cultivar recommended for growing in Saskatchewan, Canada. May be synonym for the Okanagan
Hunt: Black V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) female pollinate variety derived from a Flowers x White Male#1
Husman: American labruscana cultivar developed by T. V. Munson and recommended by some as suitable for plant
Huxelrebe: Grape created by crossing the Chasselas and a Muscat variety that contributes its ubiquitous aroma t
Impigno: Variety used for white wine production near Brindisi in Apulia, Italy. Usually blended with Francavi
Incrocio Manzoni 6.0.13: Has alias name of Manzoni 6-0-13. White-wine cultivar grown in the Friuli and Veneto regions of Ital
Interlaken: Derived from the same parents as Himrod, this hybrid seedless variety is mainly recommended for use
Inzolia: Extensive plantings of this variety are found on the west coast of Sicily where it is made into a wi
Iona: Native American hybrid variety (ie. Diana O.P) released for use as a wine/table grape in New York St
Irsai Olivér: Hungarian tablegrape cross variety developed in early 1930's. Used to produce grapey white wines wit
Isabella: Moderately cold-resistant American labruscana grape grown on limited acreages in New York state for
Ison: Black, self-fertile V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) variety patented by William Ison of Griffin, Geor
Italia: V.vinifera variety derived from a cross of Bicane x Muscat Hamburg. Has several synonym names includ
Italian Riesling: (a.k.a Riesling Italico in Italy). Also known as the Welschriesling in Austria, Laski Rizling in Slo
Ivan: (No information on this grape yet other than it is an Oregon State chance seedling suitable for wine
Ives (Noir): Early 19th century American labrusca grape discovery used to produce red wines strongly 'foxy' in fl
Jacquère: White-wine grape found in the Savoie region of France and used as blending wine for delicate product
Jaeger 70: American variety derived from an early 19th century cross, created by Hermann Jaeger of Neosho, Miss
Jaén (Du Dao): French name for the variety widely grown in Portugal and Spain and used to make rather mediocre red
Jaén Blanco: Widely grown in Spain this variety is mainly used to create white wines. Has several synonym names i
Janebell: Bronze, self-fertile V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) variety. Very productive, normally ripening in m
Janesville: Reported as thought to be a V.labrusca/riperia variety allegedly derived from a Hartford x Clinton c
Janet: Bronze female pollinate V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) variety. Reported to be of excellent quality,
Joffre: Early variety with moderate vigor growth and yield used for creating red-wines. Reported by some to
John Viola: Blue-skinned, seeded V.riparia variety recommended as tablegrape. No other details as yet.
Jubiläumsrebe: V.vinifera cultivar developed and now grown in Austria. Has synonym name Klosterneuberg 24-125. Rece
Juhfark: Ancient variety, having numerous synonym names, currently restricted to the region north of Balaton,
Jumbo: Complex V.rotundifolia (i.e. Muscadine) female pollinate cultivar. Reported as derived from a Higgin
Jurançon: (a.k.a Folle Noire on the Cote d'Azur). Minor grape grown in the Cahors area east of Bordeaux in Fra
Juwel: V.vinifera cultivar having technical name Weinsberg S 378. Is a Kerner x Silvaner cross developed an
Kadarka Blanc: Now reported (2002) by DNA analysis to be identical to the Martinsriesling (possible misspelling of
Kadarka Blau: Also known as Kadarka Kek. Has over 40 synonym names where grown throughout eastern Europe. Native v
Kale Burcu: V.vinifera tablegrape variety originating in Turkey. Has synonym name Kara Burcu. One of the varieti
Kalecik Karasi: Has synonym name Kara Kalecik. Variety grown in Turkey where it is used to make a dark-ruby colored
Kanzler: Winegrape derived from a Müller-Thurgau x Silvaner cross that was released in 1927. Has synonym nam
Karabraimis: (No other details other than it is a red-wine variety grown in Greece).
Karsticevica: Listed as grown in Hvar region, Croatia (former Yugoslavia). This medium densely clustered, yellowy-
Katelin: Cultivar reported by independent breeder as derived from a Concord x Muskat (?) cross. No other deta
Kay Gray: Elmer Swenson patented American labruscana, released in early 1980's, suitable for table, juice or w
Kee Wah Din: Sometimes referred to as Kah Wah Din. Reported to be a Osbu x Baco Noir cross listed as an American
Kéknyelü: V.vinifera variety traditional to the Mt. Badacsony region of Hungary. Ripens late season to give lo
Kerner: Moderately hardy grape developed from a cross between the Riesling and Trollinger varieties by the W
Keuka: Reported to be an early ripening variety created at the Geneva Institute of New York from a Chassela
Khikhvi: Grown in Georgia (CIS), this V.vinifera variety has the synonym name Chechvi and is commonly made in
King Of The North: Very winter-hardy (-37 deg. F) labrusca cultivar. Extraordinarily vigorous vine that establishes ear
Királyleányka: A variety grown in Hungary reported as derived from a Feteasca Alba x Grasa cross, also has several
Kishwaukee: (No details other than this variety is recommended to Minnesota growers as a hardy tablegrape).
Kleinberger Riesling: White-wine variety, thought by some to be the Elbling (Weiss) originating from Germany, currently gr
Klevner: (a.k.a Clevner). Alternative name in the Alsace region of France for the Savagnin Blanc variety.
Knipperle: Minor grape found mainly in the Alsace region of France. Has synonym name Ortlieber. Recently (1998)
Kolor: Developed at the Freiburg Research Institute, Germany, this red-fleshed grape cultivar was derived f
Kotsifali: Robust red-wine grape found mainly on the island of Crete.
Kövidinka: Has synonym names Koevidinka, Ruzsica, Ruzsitza and Steinschiller plus many others. Variety grown in
Kozma Cs.V 525: Moderately vigorous, quite hardy Hungarian red-wine variety derived from a Saperavi (Charni) x Blauf
Kozma Csvt 55: V.vinifera variety red-skin grape claimed to be derived from a Rayon d'Or x Perle von Csaba cross -
Krakuna: V.vinifera variety grown in Georgia (CIS) and has the synonym name Krachuna. Mostly used in dry whit
Krassato: Red-wine grape common to central Greece. Usually blended with two other grape wines, the Stavroto an
Kuldzhinskii: Has synonym name Kouldjinka. Variety reported to have originated in the far east (ie: Kazakhstan/Wes
Kunleany: (No other details other than according to the Geilweilerhof database above it is a complex (V.amuren
L'acadie (Blanc): (aka Habitant Blanc). Technically known as cultivar V53261 created by the Ontario Horticultural Inst
L'ambertille: White-wine producing variety grown on small 1 acre plot in Finger Lakes region of W. New York. New n
La Crescent: Has synonym name MN 1166. Is result of a St. Pepin x Swenson 6-8-25 (ie. latter variety is unknown V
La Crosse: Has synonym name Elmer Swenson 294. Patented cold hardy (to -25 deg. F) American hybrid suitable for
Lacrima: Variety grown in the Marche region of Italy. Better known as Lacrima di Morro d'Alba. Used to create
Lady Patricia: (No other details other than this cultivar, recommended for disease resistance in the State of Arkan
Lagorthi: Pronounced 'la gor thee'. White-wine producing variety indigenous to the region of Kalavrita, Pelopo
Lagrein: Long established variety found in Trentino-Alto Adige region of Italy. Used to make local rosé's or
Lake Emerald: Developed for resistance to Pierces Disease it is now mostly used as a rootstock in Florida. Was the
Lakemont (Seedless): Hardy, early to mid-October ripening grape developed by Geneva Research Station in Western New York.
Lambrusco: Red-wine grape cépage widely planted in Emilia region of central Italy. Produces a number of wine s
Landal: Has synonym name Landot 244. Reported as derived from a Seibel 5455 x Seibel 8216 cross.
Landot Noir: Has synonym name Landot 4511. Cold-hardy French-american hybrid variety with complex French/American
Larouge: Reported to have the synonym name Seyve Villard 12-327. Derived from a Seibel 6468 x Seibel 6905 cro
Laski Rizling: Local name in Slovenia (former Yugoslavia) for the Welschriesling grape.
Last Rose: Is the result of a Armlong x Jefferson cross developed by T.V. Munson. Reported as prolific producer
Latham: Presumably a complex V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) cultivar.
Lauzet: Has synonym names Lercat Blanc and Laouset. White-wine producing variety grown in the Jurançon regi
Leányka: Has several synonym names including Feteasca Alba (in Romania) and Mädchentraube. Popular early rip
Lefkas: Grape variety indigenous to Cyprus. Used to produce local red-wine blend. No other details as yet.
Len De L'el: Minor local grape grown in the area southeast of Bordeaux in the Gaillac region of France. Used, alo
Léon Millot: (Pronounced 'lay-on mee-oh'). Earlier (September) ripening french-american hybrid red wine grape tha
Liatiko: Variety indigenous to Greece and used to create red wine. Also grown on the island of Crete where it
Liberty: Is a hybrid bunchgrape once considered suitable for use in Florida and the Gulf States. Usually ripe
Limberger: (see Blaufränkisch above). Also known as the Blauer Limberger or Lemberger. The latter name is used
Limnio: Red-wine grape found mainly in the Aegean Island of Lemnos and also in N.E. Greece. Used to create a
Lindley: Result of a Carter x Chasselas Blanc (ie. White Chasselas) cross. Has synonym name Rogers 9. Regarde
Listan: White-wine grape now sparsely grown in France. Known as Palomino in Spain and South Africa where it
Listán Negro: Has synonym names Almuñeco, Listán Morado or Listán Prieto. Red-wine variety of unknown origin gr
Lomanto: Derived from the complex V.champini, V.labrusca, V.bourquiniana cultivar Salado x Pense cross. Repor
Long John: (No other details other than this cultivar is a Big Berry x Triumph hybrid cross and recommended as
Loretto: (No other details as yet other than recommended as a disease resistant tablegrape suitable for plant
Louise Swenson: Has synonym name ES 4-8-33. Developed by Elmer Swenson in 1980 and released around 1994 this harsh-c
Loureiro: White-wine grape grown widely in northern Portugal and known across the border in Galicia, Spain as
Lucida: V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) variety. No other details as yet.
Lucie Kuhlmann: Kuhlmann french-american hybrid suitable for producing red wine. Very vigorous cultivar ripening ear
Lucile: Synonym name of Lucille. Vitis hybrid vine derived from a Wyoming x Unknown cross. Similar to Caco,
Luglienga Bianca: Has many synonym names including Lignan Blanc. (No other details as yet other than it is reported as
Lukfata: Reported as derived from a Moore's Early x V.champini unreported variety 1893 cross by T.V. Munson.
Luola: Presumably a complex V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) cultivar. (No other details as yet except a reco
Lutie: According to the Geilweilerhof database (above) this cultivar is classified as a North American V. L
Lynden Blue: Very early ripening seeded variety with large berries in small, open clusters. Reported to be very s
Macabeo: Has synonym names Maccabeo Alcanol and Maccabeu in France. Also known in Spain by the synonym name V
Maceratino: Grown mainly in the Marches region of Italy, this white-wine producer variety is used to make a deli
Madeleine Angevine: Also known as Madeline Angevine. Cool region table grape cross used for Riesling-type white table wi
Madeleine Royale: Variety grown in France and mainly used as a tablegrape. Quite large bunches: the grapes are round,
Madeleine Sylvaner: Vinifera grape suitable for white-winemaking. Ripens early, with consequent susceptibility to attack
Magliocco Canino: Red-wine variety grown on the Puglia region of Italy. Used as part of a seven wine complex blend.
Magnolia: Is a complex bronze, self-fertile V.rotundifolia (i.e Muscadine) cultivar derived from a (Thomas x S
Magoon: Complex V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) self-pollinating cultivar derived from a Thomas x Burgaw cros
Malagousia: Pronounced 'mah la goo zya'. White-wine grape indigenous to the Nafpaktos region in western Greece.
Malanstraube: Has synonym names Completer, Lafnetscha, Lindauer and Rauschling Edelweisser. Variety native to Swit
Malbec: Semi-classic grape grown in the Bordeaux region of France and in other areas under the names Médoc
Malbo Gentile: According to the Geilweilerhof database this variety has several synonym names, including Amabile an
Malvasia: Known as Assario Branco in Spain. Semi-classic grape cépage of ancient, probably Greek, origin. Wid
Malvoisie (Noir): Minor grape found mainly in Corsica. Used to produce local, high-alcohol wines blended from grapes o
Mammolo: Mainly grown in Chianti DOC region of Tuscany, Italy. Red wine producing variety used in the various
Mandelaria: Pronounced 'mahn dee lar yah'. Has synonym name Amorgiano. Winegrape variety widely grown on the Eas
Manduria: Alternate name for the Primitivo (di Gioia) variety.
Manicle: Variety grown in the area of Bugey, France. Reported to yield a mediocre, 'muddy' wine. No other det
Manseng: Appears as two clones, Gros Manseng and Petit Manseng, mainly to be found in the western regions of
Manto Negro: Has synonym name Mantonegro. Native red-wine grape indigenous to the island of Mallorca along with t
Manzoni 2-15: No other details as yet other than this variety, grown in the Friuli region of Italy, is reportedly
Marastina: Has at least 9 synonym names including Rukatac. Loose clustered V.vinifera grown in Croatia (former
Marcelan: Recently developed variety, derived from a Grenache x Cabernet Sauvignon cross, grown in France.
Marechal Foch: (pronounced 'mar-esh-shall-fosh'). Has synonym name Kuhlmann 188-2. Short season french-american hyb
Marguerite: Reported to be a Post Oak 2 x Herbemont cross suitable for winemaking. Claimed to have high resistan
Maria Gomes: Synonym name for the Fernão Pires variety where found in the Bairrada region of Portugal. There it
Mariensteiner: Vinifera variety developed at the Wurtzberg Institute, Germany in 1971. Is a Silvaner x Rieslaner cr
Marocain Noir: Long established (pre-19th cent. ?) V.vinifera variety having 10 synonym names including Ansley's La
Marquette: Has the synonym name MN 1211. One of only two seedlings selected in 1994 and had patent application
Marquis: (Pronounced 'mar-kee'). Newly released (1996) variety by W. New York's Geneva Research Station from
Mars: Largest of the seedless blue berries in medium clusters. Hardy, early variety with moderately vigoro
Marsanne: Semi-classic grape used in the traditional white wine blends of the French Hermitage-Rhone region. W
Martha: Seedling of Concord introduced around 1868. Self-fertile, it ripens around a week earlier than its p
Marzemino: Grape variety used to make a red varietal reminiscent of Gamay type wine but with almond-taste under
Massasoit: Has synonym name Rogers 3. Reported to be derived from a Carter x Black Hamburg cross, released abou
Mataro: New World alias name for the Mourvedre grape variety..
Matrassa: V.vinifera variety grown in south-central Europe and in the Caucasus region. Has several synonym nam
Maturana Blanca: Has synonym name Ribadavia. Low yielding variety grown in the Rioja region of Spain. Of historical i
Mauzac: Minor grape mainly grown in the Gaillac region southeast of Bordeaux in France. Used, with Len de l'
Mavro: Grape variety common to Greece and Cyprus. Name translates as 'black'. Used to produce an unremarkab
Mavrodaphne: Pronounced 'mav roh thaf nee'. Red-wine grape widely grown in the Patras region on the north coast o
Mccampbell: Vitis hybrid reported to be a bud sport of Fredonia released in 1961. Similar to the latter relative
Melody: Productive, cold-hardy, bunch rot resistant, white wine grape developed by Geneva Research Station o
Melon De Bourgogne: Identical to the Muscadet de Bourgogne grape..
Mencía: Light red wine variety widely grown in Galicia, N.W Spain. Has the synonym names Negra and Loureiro
Merlot: Classic grape widely grown in the Bordeaux region of France and elsewhere. Recently found, by DNA an
Merlot Blanc: Obscure, low prestige french cultivar used for white-wine blends. Currently thought to be unrelated
Merrimac: Has synonym name Rogers 19. Tablegrape variety derived from a Carter x Black Hamburg cross. Released
Merwal: White-wine grape found in the Bakaa Valley of Lebanon. Said to resemble Semillon when made into a dr
Merzling: This variety, released from the Freiburg State Wine Institute, Germany, has the synonym names FR 993
Mesenicola (Black): (Information is incomplete on this red-wine grape grown in Greece).
Meslier St Francois: Has several synonym names including Bordeaux Blanc. Recent DNA checks have revealed that the parenta
Meunier: (Pronounced 'muh-ny-ay'). Alternate name for Pinot Meunier..
Mezes Fehér: V.vinifera grown in Hungary and elsewhere in eastern Europe. The medium size berries show a pale gre
Michele Pallieri: (a.k.a Pallieri). Table grape derived from the vinifera crosses (also tablegrapes) Alphonse Lavallee
Michurinetz: East European extreme-winter hardy grape of astonishing vigor derived from numerous varieties of eur
Midsouth: (No other information available at present other than it is a hybrid developed for resistance to Pie
Millardet 125-1: Rootstock vine with french origin. Male, very early budbreak. Roots and grafts well. Does not tolera
Millers Burgundy: Alias name for the Pinot Meunier grape of France where grown in Australia. Also has synonym names of
Milloccio: Minor grape mainly grown in Corsica and used in local high-alcohol wine blends along with Malvoisie
Mills: Variety developed about 1870 in Ontario, Canada, reportedly from a Muscat Hamburg seed x Creveling c
Minhota: Variety grown in Portugal and mainly used for white wine. Derived from a Diagalves x Alva V.vinifera
Miss(Issippi) Blanc: This cultivar is reported as derived from a Galibert 261-12 x (Extra x Marguerite) seedling, the lat
Miss(Issippi) Blue: This variety is reported as derived from a Moore's (Early) x Dogridge cross, the latter variety bein
Mission: Earliest grape planted in 17th century in what is now the state of California, where it is currently
Missouri Riesling: Has synonym name Grein 1:Riesling. Derived from a V.riparia seedling Taylor x Unknown V. labrusca cr
Mn 1094: Variety developed by U.Minnesota Agricultural Dept. with complex parentage that includes V.riparia,
Mn 78: Cultivar developed by Elmer Swenson for harsh cold resistance. Is one of the parents of Swenson Red
Molinara: Has several synonym names including Rossanella, Uva Salata and Vespone. Acidic red wine variety most
Moll: Variety grown on the island of Mallorca, off the coast of Spain, and used to produce somewhat spicy
Monastrell: Has synonym name Morrastel). Recent DNA evidence (3/98) suggests that the library varieties from UC
Monbadon: (See Burger above).
Mondeuse: (a.k.a Mondeuse Noir). Minor grape grown in the Savoie region of France. Usually blended with wine m
Mondeuse Blanche: Variety grown in the Savoie and Buzet regions of France. Has several synonym names including Blanche
Monemvasia: Greek name for the Malvasia white-wine grape renowned for making fortified Madeira wines on the isla
Monica: Minor grape native to Sardinia. Made into both a dry, red wine and also a sweet, spicy red wine. Tho
Monte Senario: Reported as a white, female flowered V.vinifera tablegrape variety of only historic interest. Claime
Montepulciano (D'abruzzo): Important grape mostly found growing in central and southern Italy. Usually made into a blend with S
Monticello: V. hybrid cultivar derived from a complex (Fredonia x Niagara) x (Fredonia x Athens) parentage cross
Montils: White-wine producing variety mainly used in the production of brandy-type fortified wines in Bordeau
Montù: Has several synonym names including Montuni and Bianchetto. Reported as grown in the Reno DOC of Emi
Monukka-I-Siah: Variety originating in Afghanistan. Has several synonym names including Black Monukka, Kishmish Cher
Moore's Early: Reported as a medium vigor but poorly producing Concord x Unknown variety tablegrape cultivar that r
Moored: Vitis hybrid cultivar released in 1969 by Virginia Polytech, Blacksburg, Virginia. Reported as deriv
Moravia: Has synonym names Brujidera, Crujidera, Moravia Agria, Moravia Dulce and Trujidera. Productive, form
Morillon: A somewhat confusing situation here because this grapevine is a distinct variety on its own, having
Morio Muscat: Vinifera variety developed by Peter Morio at the Geilweilerhof Institute, Germany around 1961. Succe
Moristel: Red-wine producing grape grown in the Somontano region adjoining the central Pyrenees area of Spain.
Morro D'alba: (No other details other than it is a rare variety grown on small acreage in Piedmont, Italy and used
Moscadelletto: Medieval Tuscan grape variety still grown in minute commercial quantity. Used in producing a somewha
Moscato Di Canelli: (see Muscat Blanc below).
Moscato Mavro: Has synonym name Moschomavro. Cultivated in Greece primarily as a tablegrape. Crushed in some region
Moschofilero: Pronounced 'mos co fee le ro'. Has alternative name spelling 'Moschophilero'. White-wine grape widel
Mosler: Austrian growers name for the hungarian Furmint grape.
Mostosa: Rare variety, used for white wine production, currently only found in the Emilia-Romagna region of I
Mourisco Preto: Red-wine variety grown in Australia and used to produce Port-type fortified wines.
Mourvèdre: Robust mediterranean hot climate grape variety widely grown in the southern Rhone region of France a
Mrs Munson: Is the result of a T.V. Munson developed Neosho x Herbemont cross. Reported to be prolific and disea
Mtsvane (Kahetinskii): V.vinifera variety grown in Georgia (CIS). Has several synonym names including Mtsvane and Goruli Mt
Mudzhuretuli: V.vinifera variety grown in Georgia (CIS). Has the synonym name Keduretuli. Used to create a varieta
Muellerrebe: Alternative spelling is Müllerrebe. Translates as 'Millers Grape'. Alias name for the Pinot Meunier
Müller-Thurgau: Early ripening cross once thought to have been developed from Sylvaner and Riesling but some authori
Münch: Has synonym name Muench. Native American variety developed by T.V Munson in 1888 from Herbemont and
Muscadelle: (a.k.a Muscadelle de Bordelais). Semi-classic grape grown in the Gaillac region of France, about 100
Muscadet De Bourgogne: (a.k.a Melon de Bourgogne). Productive cool-climate grape widely grown on the Atlantic seaboard of t
Muscadine: Is a native American species of grapevine commonly found in the Southern states of the U.S. and Mexi
Muscardin: Minor grape grown in the southern Rhone region of France and used to create color and body in red wi
Muscat: Another 'cépage' family of clone varieties, making both red and white wines. Most are of the muscat
Muscat Blanc: (a.k.a Muskateller in Austria and Germany, Muscat de Valais in Switzerland, Brown Muscat or Brown Fr
Muscat Blanc À Petit Grains: (See Muscat above).
Muscat Dr. Hoog: No other details as yet other than it is listed by the Geilweilerhof database (see Foreword above) a
Muscat Du Moulin: Has synonym name Couderc 299-35. No details as yet other than it is one of the parents of the Valvin
Muscat Fleur D'oranger: White-wine producing variety probably yet another mutant clone of Muscat Blanc above. Has over thirt
Muscat Frontignan: (See Muscat Blanc above).
Muscat Hamburg: According to the Geilweilerhof (Genres) database, see above, this variety was derived from a Schiava
Muscat Of Alexandria: Has synonym names Chasselas Musque in France, Muscat Gordo Blanco or Lexia in Australia and Hanepoot
Muscat Ottonel: Mid-19th century seedling currently (2002) determined by DNA analysis to be a cross between the Chas
Muscat Rouge De Madere: According to the Geilweilerhof database this variety has many synonym names including Busuioaca de B
Muskat Krymskii: Also has synonym name Muskatel, and in Bulgaria, Misket or Mishket. This variety is reported as enti
Mustang: Native American V.mustangensis (f.k.a. V.candicans) variety indigenous to an area that includes sout
Napa Gamay: A confusing situation here. The Napa Gamay as grown in California is for the most part identical wit
Naples: Has synonym name New York 17594. Derived from a Delaware x (Mills x Iona) cross. Vitis Hybrid grapev
Narince: Grown in Turkey, this variety is used to create a white wine suitable for blending with others, such
Nasco (Bianco): Ancient variety grown and used for dry and sweet white wines in S.W. Sardinia.
Nebbiolo: Has synonym names of Spanna in the northern hills of Piedmont, Italy: Picutener and Pugnet are two l
Negoska: Red wine grape common to Macedonia, N.E. and Central Greece. Usually used as a wine that is blended
Negrara: Red wine producing variety grown in the Trentino-Alto Adige and Veneto regions of Italy. Best known
Negrette: Minor grape grown in the region about 100 miles southeast of Bordeaux, France. Used for red wine and
Negroamaro: Widely grown in the Apulia (Puglia) region of southern Italy this grape is used to produce the base
Neosho: Listed in 'Grapes of New York' by U. Hedrick as a found V.lincecumii variety by H. Jaeger in Missour
Nerello (Cappuccio): Grape variety currently grown extensively in Puglia region of Italy and also in Sicily where it is u
Neretta Cuneese: Fairly rare red-wine grape indigenous to Valsusa DOC, Piemonte region of Italy. Has over 20 synonym
Neretto: Variety grown in the Pinerolese DOC near Turin in the Piedmont egion of Italy. Reported to be a part
Nero: Has synonym name Bornemissza Gergely. Reported to be a seeded table/wine grape created by József Cs
Nero D'avola: (a.k.a Calabrese). Used as one of the wines blended into a well-regarded Sicilian red wine with comp
Neron: (a.k.a Kuhlmann 296-1). Hybrid variety used to produce a blending wine with reported strong Pinot No
Nesbitt: Black self-fertile V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) cultivar widely grown in the S.E states of the USA
Neuburger: Minor grape grown in Austria and recently (2002) determined to be a cross between the Roter Veltline
Neva Munson: T.V. Munson variety reported to be derived from a Neosho x Herbemont cross. Claimed to have some res
New York Muscat: Muscat-type variety, having synonym name NY 12997, suitable for wine or tablegrape production. Deriv
Niabell: Has synonym name of California L 11-3. Developed by H. Olmo in 1942, this cultivar was released in 1
Niagara: Root disease and cold resistant, reportedly to -15 deg. F (approx -22 C), native American labruscana
Niagara Rosado: Has synonym names Niagara Red and P.I. 288688. A sport mutation of the V.vinifera x V.labrusca Niaga
Nièddera: Red wine variety grown in western Sardinia. Used to make an aromatic, dry, fruity wine with some age
Nielluccio: Has synonym name Niellucciu. Better known in its Italian homeland as Sangiovese. Red-wine grape used
Nitodel: T.V. Munson variety derived from a Salado x Pense cross. Has synonym name Nitodal. No other details
Noah: 19th century (dating from 1869) V.riperia/labrusca white-wine producing grape with somewhat 'foxy' f
Noble: Complex black, self-fertile, V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) cultivar, derived from a Thomas x Tarhee
Noblessa: Low vigor cultivar resulting from a cross between Madeleine Angevine and Silvaner. Has moderate cold
Nobling: (No details as yet other than it is grown in the Valais district of Switzerland and is a white-wine
Noir Hatif De Marseille: Ancient french variety grown on limited acreages in central Europe under several synonym names inclu
Noiret: Pronounced 'nwahr-ay'. Reported to be a mid-season ripening wine grape useful for creating red wine.
Norakert: Is a V.vinifera cultivar that reportedly resulted from a Seyanets Malengra x Arakseni Belyi cross cr
Norris: Is a bunchgrape hybrid resistant to Pierce's Disease for use in Florida and the lower Gulf States of
North Fork: Has synonym name G-2861. Variety released from the Missouri State Fruit Experiment Station in 1947.
Norton: This well-known native N. American V.aestivalis cultivar, with the alias name Virginia Seedling, was
Nosiola: White-wine grape used to produce local, early drinking, light wines in the Trentino-Alto Aldige and
Notre Vigne: Mystery red-wine grape grown in a single Wairarapa (N.Z) region vineyard and designated as an unknow
Nuragus: Indigenous grapevine variety grown in S.W. Sardinia. Has several synonym names including Abbondosa a
Ny 70.0809.10: Currently not popularly named this variety is reported to be derived from a Seyve Villard 18-307 x S
Ny 73.0136.17: As yet unnamed variety created from a (NY 33277 x Chancellor) x Steuben cross. Claimed to produce ex
Ny 76.0844.24: Currently unnamed variety derived from a Traminette x Ravat 34 cross by the N.Y. Research Station at
Obaideh: White-wine grape grown in the Bakaa Valley of Lebanon. Claimed by some to be the ancestor of the Cha
Oberlin 595 S.P: Is reportedly a hybrid created from the cross between a Gamay and American riperia variety. Reported
Oberlin 716: V. riparia x Gamay Noir variety reported as quite similar to Oberlin 595 above.
Odzhaleshi (Mechvelianis): V.vinifera variety indigenous to Georgia (CIS), possibly referred to in Homer's writings. Has severa
Okanagan Riesling: This 'provenance unknown' grape is reported by some to be a cold-hardy native American labrusca hybr
Olivella: Red-wine grape grown in Campania, Italy and used in the 'Lachryma Christi del Vesuvio' Neapolitan ar
Olivette Noir: V.vinifera variety grown in Europe for use as a table/wine grape. Has over 20 synonym names includin
Ondarrabi Beltza: Variety grown in the Chacoli de Guetaria (ie. Basque 'Getariako Txakolina') D.O located in the Basqu
Ondarrabi Zuri: Variety used for white wine production in the Basque region, referred to immediately above under Ond
Ondenc: White-wine cultivar grown in France. Translocated to Australia where it is known under the alias nam
Ontario: Developed in 1908 at the N.Y. Research Station, it is now used sparingly as a white tablegrape becau
Opthalmo: Red-wine grape common to Greece and Cyprus. Used to produce a Rosé as a varietal or, on Cyprus, as
Optima: Has synonym name Geisenheim 33-13-113. Recent crossing of (Riesling x Sylvaner) x Müller-Thurgau va
Orange Muscat: (See Muscat above).
Oraniensteiner: (No information on this grape at present other than it is a white-wine producing variety released by
Orion: Variety derived from a Optima x Seyval Blanc cross. Has synonym name Geilweilerhof GA-58-30. Has ach
Orlando (Seedless): Is a mid-to-late September ripening hybrid bunchgrape with moderate resistance to Pierce's Disease.
Ortega: Grape cross between Müller-Thurgau and Siegerrebe varieties. Used for white wine blending in the Rh
Ortrugo: White-wine producer variety grown in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy. Used to make a light, dry o
Osbu: Cultivar derived from a Beta x Agawam cross. Hardy variety currently used as a tablegrape.
Oseleta: Comparatively rare variety grown in the Veneto region of Italy. Currently used by some producers to
Oselot: Variety reportedly used to create red wine in Friuli region of Italy.
Osiris: Vinifera variety developed at the Wurzburg Institute, Germany. Derived from a Riesling x Rieslaner c
Osteiner: White-wine creating cultivar developed at the Geisenheim Research Institute resulting from a cross o
Österreichisch Weiss: Variety grown in Austria recently (2002) determined by DNA analysis to be a Heunisch variety seedlin
Othello: Developed Ontario, Canada in 1859, this cultivar is the result of a cross between the Clinton and Bl
Ozark Prize: Has synonym name G-1925. Developed by the Missouri State Fruit Experiment Station in 1947. Reported
Pais: Widely grown in Chile, this grape is identical with the Mission grape of California and Mexico and t
Palas: V.vinifera variety developed and reported as released in November, 1999 by the Weinsberg/Württember
Palomino: Has synonym names Listán Blanca and Jerez. White-wine grape widely grown in Spain and mostly used f
Pam: Bronze, V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) female pollinate. Reported as heaviest producing female polli
Pambakina: Has synonym names Maratheftiko, Pambakada and Vamvacada. Red-wine grape indigenous to Cyprus. Used t
Pampanuto: Variety grown in the Puglia region of Italy. No other details as yet.
Papazkarasi: English translation of name is 'Black Bishop'. Has synonym name Papaskara. Variety grown in Turkey w
Parc: V.vinifera variety grown in Croatia, former Yugoslavia. Has the synonym name Prc. Characterized by v
Parellada: White-wine grape mainly grown in the Catalunya region of Spain. Suited to cool climates it produces
Patricia: (No other details other than this is a tablegrape cultivar Soraya x IAC 544-41 hybrid cross allegedl
Pavsanias: Variety reported as grown in Greece. Has synonym name Pausanias. Claimed DNA evidence stated as poin
Pecorino: Red-wine variety grown in the Puglia region of Italy. Has several synonym names including Arquitano,
Pedro Ximénez: Has several synonym names including Alamis, Pedro Jiménez, Pedro Ximen, Ximen and Ximénez. White-w
Pelaverga (Piccolo): Red wine variety grown in the Verduna DOC, Piedmont region of Italy. Also known as Carola, Cari, Fra
Peloursin: Almost extinct French red-wine grape recently identified as one of the varieties whose DNA is presen
Pense: Variety reported as used by T.V. Munson for breeding purposes (eg. see Lomanto). No other details as
Perdin: Tablegrape of unknown pedigree grown and occasionally used for making homemade white wines by home g
Perel: Complex vinifera cultivar with Perle von Csaba prominent in its pedigree. Currently mainly grown in
Periquita: Alias name for Castelão Francês grape where grown in the Estremadura region of Portugal. Makes pop
Perlan: Synonym name in the Mandement district of Switzerland for the Chasselas grape.
Perle Von Csaba: (a.k.a Pearl of Zala). Vinifera derived grape propagated mainly for table use. Very early ripening,
Perlette (Seedless): Tablegrape derived from a cross of Queen of the Vineyard and Sultanina, commonly grown in California
Petit Bouschet: Early 19th century vinifera cross by Bouschet Père in France. Derived from Aramon and Teinturier du
Petit Meslier: Variety still grown in the Champagne region of France where it is used by at least one winery as a s
Petit Rouge: Has synonym name Orion Gris. V.vinifera red-wine creating variety sparsely grown in the Valle d'Aost
Petit Verdot: Grape grown in limited amounts. Found mainly in the temperate Bordeaux region St.Émilion subdistric
Petite Amie: Listed as a cultivar developed by David McGregor that exhibits winter hardiness to -20 deg. F. Used
Petite Jewel: Reported as derived from a MN 78 x Canadice cross created by Elmer Swenson. Red-skinned seedless var
Petite Sirah: Historically has been something of a 'mystery' vine. When first imported into California this variet
Peurion: Has several synonym names including Meslier Vert, Milleron Troyen Blanc and Lyonnais. Variety report
Phoenix: German promising release (1994) with synonym name Geilweilerhof GA 49-22. Has direct parentage of Ba
Picardan (Blanc): Listed as a synonym name, by the international grape variety database (above) at Geilweilerhof, Germ
Picardan (Noir): Synonym name for Cinsaut variety where grown in the southern Rhone region of France. Occasionally us
Piccola Nera: Has several synonym names including Negra Tenera and Petite Raisin. Variety grown in several countri
Picolit: Has several synonym names including Balafan, Peccoleto, Ranful Weiss, Wisellertraube Weiss and Uva d
Piedirosso: Red-wine grape grown in Campania, Italy. Has several synonym names including Palombina, Pere'e Pallu
Pignoletto: White-wine producing variety found in Northern and Central Italy. Has several synonym names includin
Pignolo: Variety used to produce DOC sturdy red wine, with some ageing ability, in the Friuli-Venezia and Lom
Pinard: French-American hybrid, technically known as Kuhlmann 191-1, suitable for winemaking. The small berr
Pineapple: Bronze, self-fertile V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) variety. Reported as most productive and vigorou
Pineau D'aunis: (a.k.a Aunis). Ancient and increasingly rare variety used to create good rosé and red wines in the
Pineau De La Loire: Alternate name for Chenin Blanc..
Pinello: Also known as Pinella. Indigenous white-wine variety grown in the Veneto region of Italy and used to
Pinenc: Minor grape grown in the Pyrenees region of France and one of the grapes used to create a red wine b
Piney: Introduced by the Missouri State Fruit Experiment Station in 1947. Has the synonym name G-135. Repor
Pinot Bianco: Italian version of the grape known as Pinot Blanc. Grown mainly in the Trentino and Fruili regions o
Pinot Blanc: Was thought to be a mutation of the Pinot Gris vine. However, recent DNA analysis shows identical ge
Pinot Chardonnay: Rarely used regional synonym name for the Chardonnay variety..
Pinot Grigio: (Pronounced 'pee-nOH gree-zOH'). Popular synonym name of the Pinot Gris where grown in Italy, the Al
Pinot Gris: Was thought to be a mutant clone of Pinot Noir. However, recent DNA analysis (2002) suggests identic
Pinot Meunier: (Pronounced 'pee-noh muh-ny-ay'). (a.k.a Meunier). Has over 26 synonym names listed in the Geilweile
Pinot Nero: Clone of Pinot Noir, used to make light red wines from grapes mainly found in the Friuli-Venezia-Giu
Pinot Noir: Belongs to the premier Pinot grape 'cépage' of the Burgundy region of France. Recently (2002) recog
Pinot Précoce Noir: V.vinifera variety belonging to the Pinot cépage. Seems to be of ancient origin, possibly a mutant
Pinot St. George: Grape found on small acreages in California and now thought to be identical to the Negrette of south
Pinot Teinturier: Also known as Teinturier du Cher. Of ancient origin, it is genetically present in the majority of va
Pinotage: Cultivar widely grown and successful in South Africa since its release in in 1925. Also currently gr
Piquepoul (Blanc): Synonym name for Folle Blanche variety where grown in the Languedoc region of France. Used for creat
Piquepoul (Noir): (No details as yet).
Planta Fina De Petralba: No other details as yet other than this aromatic white-wine variety has several synonym names includ
Plantet: This variety is reportedly the french-american hybrid Seibel 5455 and is thought by some to be relat
Plavac Mali: Recent DNA analysis (reported 2001) has found that this variety is the result of a Dobrocic x Crljen
Plavac Veli: Variety grown in Croatia, former Yugoslavia, preferring sandy soil. The large berries grow in medium
Pleschatik: (No other details as yet other than it is used to produce a dark red, tannic wine in Georgia, CIS.)
Pontac: A red-wine grape variety that behaves as a teinturier colorant and originally native to south-west F
Portan: Derived from a Grenache x Blauer Portuguiser cross. Developed for use in the Mediterranean climate o
Portugal Malbec: (See Tinta Amarela below).
Portuguiser (Blau): Widely grown in Germany and Austria. Has synonym names Portugizac, Kékoporto in Croatia (former Yug
Posip: Variety widely grown in southern Dalmatia region of Croatia, former Yugoslavia. Small/medium berries
Post Oak 2: V.lincecumii derived cultivar.
Poulsard: Black-skinned variety grown in eastern France. Used to produce a light-red wine with attractive flow
Pozsonyi: Variety grown in Central Europe, best known as one of the parents of the cross Irsai Olivér. Has sy
Prachttraube: Has synonym names Jean Mace and Raisin Superbe. (No other details other than it is a white-wine prod
Prairie Star: Also known by the synonym name ES 3-24-7. Is a cross between ES 2-7-13 and ES 2-8-1. Developed by El
Précose De Malingre: Has several synonym names, including Frueher Malingre and Malingre Précose. Variety with long histo
Prëmetta: Indigenous variety grown in only one vineyard in the Valle d'Aosta region of Italy. Used to make an
President: This variety is a Vinifera and American native Labrusca cross developed by T.V Munson dating from th
Price: Reported to be a V.labrusca variety derived from a (Hector x Seibel 13035) x (Fredonia x Athens) com
Prieto Picudo: Variety grown in Castilla-León province of Spain. Mainly used in the production of red wines known
Primitivo (Di Gioia): Also known as Zingarello. Minor variety mainly confined to Apulia in southern Italy where it is used
Princess: Vigorous seedless tablegrape variety popular in California, USA. Normally ripens in mid-season. Rece
Prosecco: Minor grape grown in Veneto region of northern Italy and generally used to make both crisp, dry whit
Prugnolo Gentile: Alternative name for Sangiovese Grosso grape..
Prunelard (Noir): Reported to be a very rare variety grown in the Tarn region of France. Thought to have been near ext
Prunelard Blanc: Has synonym name Bouysselet. Almost extinct V.vinifera variety grown in the Tarn region of France. N
Putzscheere: (a.k.a Putscher). Wine/table grape native to Hungary and also grown in other countries of eastern Eu
Quagliano: Variety grown in the Colline Saluzzesi DOC of Cuneo province, Piedmont, Italy. Reportedly made into
Queen Of The Vineyard: (See Perle von Csaba above).
R.W. Munson: Reported to be the result of a Big Berry x Triumph cross. Is therefore a complex V.lincecumii x V.ru
Rabaner: Derived from a Riesling 88 x Riesling 64 cross. Mostly confined to the Mosel region of Germany, this
Rabiosa: Synonym name for Nosiola variety..
Rabo De Ovelha: Variety used for white wine production throughout Portugal. Has many synonym names including Roupeir
Raboso (Piave): Has several synonym names, including Friularo where grown in the Bagnoli DOC (near Padua) in the Ven
Raffiat De Monade: Has synonym names Rousselet and Portugal. Reported as originating in Italy.
Raisin De Palestine: Reported as an Australian developed variety accessioned around 1956. Used as a wine or tablegrape. (
Ramisco: Unique to Portugal, this blue-skinned berry producing variety is grown in the Colares region on the
Ramsey: V.champini variety used almost solely as rootstock. Has synonym name Saltcreek. Noted for superior r
Ranfol: Vine grown in Croatia, former Yugoslavia, that has several synonym names including Plavis. Ripening
Rassegui: Variety reportedly grown in Tunisia and commonly used for producing table/raisin grapes. Known there
Räuschling: Ancient minor grape still sparsely grown in the Alsace region of France. Used occasionally in the 'V
Ravat (Blanc): French-American hybrid with the technical name of Ravat 6 and parentage of Chardonnay and Seibel 547
Ravat (Vignoles): Has synonym name Ravat 51. Variety widely grown in the cooler regions of the northeast American cont
Ravat 262 (Noir): French-american hybrid grape related to Pinot Noir. Some stock, usually ripening around mid-Septembe
Rayon D'or: Has synonym name Seibel 4986. Reported to be the result of a Seibel 405 x Seibel 2007 cross. Created
Rebo: Has synonym name Rigotti 107-3. Variety reported as grown in the Trentino region of N.E. Italy. List
Redgate: Complex V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) variety derived from a Higgins x Georgia Seedling 29-49 cross
Refosco: Ancient native grape grown in Friuli-Venezia-Giuia region of Italy. Has many synonym names in Italy
Regale: Is a vigorous and productive red Muscadine variety. Regarded by many as similar to the Noble hybrid
Regent: (Pronounced 'ray-ghent'). Has synonym name of Geilweilerhof 67-198-3. Has complex parentage of Diana
Reichensteiner: White-wine grape mainly grown on small acreages in Germany, England and New Zealand. Derived from th
Reliance: Very productive and winter hardy (-25 deg. F) cultivar recommended as seedless tablegrape suitable f
Rèze: Ancient indigenous variety once common in the Valais region of Switzerland. Thought to have been Rom
Rheinriesling: Austrian name for the Riesling grape of Germany..
Rhine Riesling: Australian name for the Riesling grape of Germany..
Ribolla Gialla: Indigenous to the Friuli-Venezia Guilia region of N.E. Italy, this white wine grape is mainly used a
Ribolla Nera: Ancient indigenous variety grown in the Friuli-Venezia Guilia region of Italy. Has synonym names Poc
Rieslaner: Riesling x Silvaner cross variety. Has two synonym names - Mainriesling and Wuerzburg. Grown in Ungs
Riesling: Also known as the Weisser Riesling. Premier white wine grape of Germany and Alsace, known as Rheinri
Riesling: Recent DNA analysis proposed the origin of this variety to be that of a Heunisch cross with a so-cal
Riesling Renano: Alternative name used in Italy for the German Riesling grape.
Ritino: (No other details other than it is a red-wine variety grown in Greece).
Rivaner: Alternative name for the Müller-Thurgau grape cross currently widely grown in Luxembourg.
Rkatsiteli: (Pronounced 'ar-kat-si-TEL-lee'). In Georgia (CIS) it has the synonym name Rkatsiteii. Widely grown
Roanoke: V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) variety with synonym name North Carolina 59-32. Derived from a Lucida
Robola: White-wine grape used to create distinguished, citrus flavored dry wines found mainly on the islands
Roditis: Pronounced 'roh dee tees'. Has synonym name Rhoditis. White-wine grape cultivated in central Greece
Rolle: White-wine grape mainly grown in the Provence region of France. Thought to have originated from an a
Romorantin: Reported to have ten synonym names including Dannery, Daneri, Framboise, Gros Blanc de Villefranche
Romulus: Has synonym name NY 15291. Reported as derived from a Ontario x Thompson Seedless cross and mainly u
Rondinella: Red wine grape mainly grown in the Veneto region of Italy and used in blends such as 'Valpolicella'
Rondo: Winter hardy red wine vitis vinifera hybrid cross created at Geisenheim, Germany (1964) with pedigre
Rosa: Pinkish-red fruit, female pollinate V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) variety. Reported to be very vigo
Rosette: Derived from a Unknown V.rupestris x Jaeger 70 cross. Very hardy French/American hybrid, with synony
Rossese: Ancient grape variety found in the Liguria region of Italy. Has synonym name of Bianco di Nizza. Mak
Rossignola: Better known under its synonym name of Gropello, this variety is grown in the Lombardy and the Venet
Rossola Bianca: Has several synonym names including Rossola. Variety grown in the Lombardy region of Italy. Wine is
Rossola Nera: Variety grown in the Lombardy region of Italy. Used in minor proportions as a red blending wine with
Rotberger: Has synonym name Geisenheim 3-37. Result of a Trollinger x Riesling variety cross. Used to produce f
Roter Veltliner: DNA analysis conducted around 2002 revealed this variety to be a member of the same family as the Br
Rotgipfler: Has several synonym names including Zelen. The latter name is commonly used where grown in Slovenia,
Roubidoux: Introduced in 1947 by the Missouri State Fruit Experiment Station. Reported as derived from an open
Roublot: Variety having several synonym names including Cesar Blanc and Plant de Vaux. Is now reported (2001)
Roucaneuf: Has better limited resistance to Pierces Disease than other French/American hybrids. Also known as S
Rougeon: (a.k.a Seibel 5898). Red wine grape currently grown in the Finger Lakes region of New York State and
Roupiero: White-wine grape mainly grown in east-central Portugal and used in Portwine production.
Roussanne: According to the Geilweilerhof database this variety has many synonym names including Fromental Noir
Roussette: Also known as Altesse..
Roy: Patented winegrape released around 1988 and mentioned in the 'Argaman' variety publication by the AR
Royalty: Red wine grape cross derived from Alicante Ganzin and Trousseau varieties. Mainly confined to the Ce
Rubaiyat: Variety derived from a Seibel 5437 x Bailey cross created and released by Oklahoma State University.
Rubiana: New grapevine released in 2003. Formerly briefly known as 'Abundance' and currently (7/2004) has nam
Rubienne: Variety developed and recently released by the CSIRO winegrape development program of Australia. Rep
Rubin Bolgarskii: (a.k.a Rubin). Derived from a (fairly recent ?) Nebbiolo x Syrah variety cross. Grown extensively in
Rubired: Teinturier derived red wine grape cross from Alicante Ganzin and Tinta Cao grape varieties. Mainly g
Ruby: Reported as a Keuka x Ontario cross developed around the mid-1930's at the Geneva Institute of N.Y.
Ruby Cabernet: Red-wine grape cross originating from Carignan and Cabernet Sauvignon parentage. Bred for use in the
Ruchè: Also known as the Rouchet or Roche. Minor grape grown in Piedmont region of Italy and used to make t
Ruländer: (See Pinot Gris above).
Sabrevois: Has synonym name ES 2-1-9. 1978 variety selection by Elmer Swenson currently (2001) popular and exte
Sagrantino: Red-wine grape used to make 'Montefalco' sweet local wines in Umbria, Italy. (No other details known
Salado: V.champini variety derived from a De Grasset x Brilliant cross. T.V. Munson cultivar (1893) reported
Salamander: T.V. Munson American hybrid variety reported as derived from a Salado x Brilliant cross. No other de
Salvador (Noire): This red-fleshed grape cultivar is reported to be the popular name of the Seibel 123 hybrid. It is p
Samtrot: Mutated version of the Pinot Meunier grape. Grown in British Columbia, Canada and other N. American
Sangiovese: (Pronounced 'sahn-joe-veh-zeh'). Semi-classic grape grown in the Tuscany region of Italy. Used to pr
Sangiovese Grosso: (See Sangiovese above). Also known as the Prugnolo Gentile grape. Blended with Canaiolo (Nero) grape
Saperavi (Charni): Red wine, acidic, teinturier-type grape variety capable of high sugar content widely grown in the wi
Saperavi Severnyi: Cold hardy hybrid variety developed in Russia from V. Amurensis and (possibly) Précose de Malingre.
Sauvignon Blanc: Classic white-wine producer variety commonly planted in the Bordeaux and eastern Loire regions of Fr
Sauvignon Gris: Thought to be a mutated member of the Sauvignon cépage family, the vine is low-yielding and the gra
Sauvignon Vert: Alternative name for the Tocai Friulano grape of northern Italy. Also known there, and in France and
Savagnin Blanc: Probably one of the most ancient V.vinifera cépages in existence. Now regarded as a semi-classic va
Savatiano: Pronounced 'sah vah tee yah no'. White-wine grape widely grown in Attica, central Greece. Reported t
Scarlet: Complex V.labrusca, V.vinifera variety, with red skinned fruit, derived from a Golden Muscat x Teint
Scheurebe: Has synonym name Alzey S. 88. In Austria it is known as Samling 88. Grape variety developed in 1916
Schiava Gentile: Reported as a variant of the Schiava Grossa variety this grapevine has several synonym names includi
Schiava Grossa: Has over 50 synonym names including Frankenthaler (Blau), and Koelner Blau. Also known as Trollinger
Schoenburger: (a.k.a Schöenburger or Schonburger). Has synonym names of Rosa Muskat and Geisenheim 15-114. Is cla
Schuyler: Is a cross between Zinfandel and Ontario varieties. A heavy producer, it is early to mid-season ripe
Schwarzriesling: Alias name for the Pinot Meunier grape of France where grown in Australia. Also known as Millers Bur
Sciacarello: Minor grape grown mainly in Corsica. Used in rustic red wine blends of local character along with Ma
Scorza Amara: Variety used for red wine production in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy. Has synonym name of Scor
Scuppernong: Historically notable native american Muscadine bronze grape variant with the usual characteristic 'm
Seibel 14: French-American hybrid variety reported to be derived from a (complex V.riperia, V.lincecumii cultiv
Seibel 405: French-American Hybrid variety. Derived from a Seibel 14 x Ganzin 1 cross. No other details as yet.
Selma Pete: Developed in California and released around 1989, this seedless grape cultivar has similar character
Sémillon: Classic grape widely grown in the Bordeaux region of France and elsewhere. This grape variety has a
Seneca: Reported to be the result of a Lignan Blanc x Ontario cross. Very early ripening, (late August), fre
Senoia: Pinkish-bronze colored fruit on self-fertile V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) variety. Derived from a
Sercial: Corrupted english name of the portuguese Cerceal grape when grown on the island of Madeira. Mainly u
Sereksia (Blanc): Rare eastern European white-wine mutant variety thought to originate from the Danube river basin reg
Sereksia (Noire): Has several synonym names including Sereksia Tcheurnaia and Babeaska Neagra. The traditional Sereksi
Serena: No other details other than it is a white-wine producing variety developed at Geisenheim, Germany an
Serine: Accession variety, occasionally grown under the name Petite Sirah in California, reported as derived
Sev(Ernyii) Arakseni: Reported to be an Armenian V.vinifera tablegrape cultivar. No other details as yet.
Sev(Ernyii) Lernatu: V.vinifera variety developed in the Ukraine from a (V.amurensis x V.vinifera) x Unknown variety. Has
Seyanets Malengre: Berries are reported to be a white skinned offspring of the Précose de Malingre tablegrape variety.
Seyval (Blanc): (a.k.a Seyval). Has technical name Seyve Villard 5-276. The pedigree parents are listed as Seibel 56
Sgavetta: Has synonym name Sganetta. Variety reported as grown in the Emilia-Romagna province of Italy where i
Sheridan: American labruscana variety that produces big, compact clusters of large Concord-type berries that n
Shiraz: Alternate name for the french Syrah clone grape grown in Australia and responsible for very big red
Shiroka Melniska Losa: (a.k.a Melnik). Variety indigenous to Bulgaria. Used to create an intense red wine varietal capable
Sibera: Has synonym name GM 6495-3. White-wine producing variety. Created in 1964 at the Viticulture Researc
Siegerrebe: (Pronounced 'see-geh-RAY-buh'). Has synonym name Alzey 7957. Very early ripening (late August) grape
Siegfriedrebe: Has synonym names of Siegfried and F.S 4-201-3. Is derived from an Oberlin 595 S.P x Riesling comple
Siewiernyj: (a.k.a Saperavi Severnyi in Nova Scotia, Canada). Hardy, low-cropping, early variety originating fro
Silcher: V.vinifera variety developed and subsequently released in 1999 by the Weinsberg/Württemberg Wine Re
Silvaner (Gruen): (a.k.a Sylvaner). Now regarded as indigenous to Austria, DNA analysis (2002) showing that it is deri
Sipelj: Variety grown in Croatia, former Yugoslavia. Moderately vigorous vine that ripens early to give medi
Sipon: (See Furmint above).
Sirius: Reported as derived from a Bacchus x Villard Blanc cross. Cold-hardy, late budding cultivar needing
Skujina 675: European Baltic States cold climate variety currently undergoing trial by Geneva Research Station, N
Solaris: Derived from a Merzling x (Saperavi Severny x Muscat Ottonel) cross. (N.B: The latter pairing is als
Somerset (Seedless): Selected by Elmer Swenson, this vine is winter-hardy to about -30 deg. F. Produces small, seedless o
Southern Home: V.rotundifolia variety (ie. Muscadine) derived from a Summit x FLA P9-15 cross. Currently recommende
Southland: Black, self-fertile V.rotundifolia (i.e Muscadine) variety derived from a Thomas x Topsail O.P cross
Souzão: Port-grape variety widely grown in the Douro region of Portugal. Also found in California and Austra
Sovereign Coronation: Variety developed in Canada and released prior to 1978. Has synonym names Coronation and Summerland
Sovereign Opal: (No information on this grape at present other than it is currently grown in British Columbia, Canad
Spanna: Alternate local name for the Nebbiolo grape grown in the Piedmont district of Vercelli in Italy.
Spätburgunder: (see Blauburgunder above).
Spätrot: Has many synonym names including Zierfandler in Austria, Cirfandli in Hungary and Zirifahnler. Adapt
St-Pierre Doré: Variety unique to the St-Pourcain VDQS (Upper Loire region) on the River Allier, north of the Cotes
St. Croix: Patented cold hardy American hybrid suitable for Wine, Juice and Table production. Reported by growe
St. Émilion: Has no relationship to the Bordeaux region of France. Is the Cognac region, (and Australian), alias
St. Francis: Has synonym name G-2496. Introduced in 1947 from the Missouri State Fruit Experiment Station, this c
St. George: (See Agiorgitiko above).
St. Laurent: Has the synonym name Pinot St. Laurent. V.vinifera variety now shown (2002) by DNA analysis to be a
St. Pepin: Patented Elmer Swenson propagated variety claimed as cold hardy to -20 deg. F. (ca -29 C.). Is close
St. Vincent: Late ripening (Oct) harsh-cold hardy red wine grape variety grown in mid-Ohio that is thought by som
Stark Star: According to the Geilweilerhof database (see 'Foreword' above) this complex V.labrusca/vinifera/aest
Staufer: (No details as yet other than it is derived from a Bacchus x Villard Blanc crossing).
Stavroto: Red-wine grape mainly grown in the central regions of Greece. Mostly used for blending with the Kras
Steen: (see Chenin Blanc above).
Sterling: Muscadine cultivar widely grown in S.E United States. Similar to the Carlos grape above.
Steuben: Hardy, vigorous American native labrusca variety derived from a Wayne x Sheridan labrusca cross. Thi
Stover: Is a hybrid bunchgrape derived from a complex V.Shuttleworthii O.P (Aestivalis?) Mantey x Seyve Vill
Strawberry Grape: No other details as yet other than it is listed as an unknown V.labrusca x V.vinifera cross created
Subereux: Has synonym name Seibel 6905.
Suelter: Pronounced 'sool-ter'. Small-berried grape cultivar recommended as suitable for growing in Minnesota
Suffolk Red: Derived from a Fredonia x Kishmish Chernyi cross. No other details as yet.
Sugargate: Black fruited, female-pollinate V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) variety. Has synonym name Georgia S.5
Sulmer: V.vinifera cultivar with synonym name Weinsberg S 351. Derived from a Blaufrankisch x Schwarzelbling
Sultanina: Has many synonym names including Sultana and Sultanieh. Thought to have originated in Persia (modern
Summit: Red-skinned V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) female pollinate variety. Has synonym name Georgia 37-40.
Sunbelt: Patented, very hardy seeded grape similar to Concord and better suited to Southern U.S.A. climate wh
Super Hamburg: Variety derived from a Campbells Early x Muscat Hamburg cross.
Supreme: Black V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) female pollinate variety reported as derived from a Lebanese No
Suputinski: Cold hardy to -40 deg. F. (ca -42 C.), this variety is reportedly a female pollinate and where grown
Sura Lisicina: Has synonym name Lisicina. V.vinifera variety indigenous to Balkans countries (eg: Slovenia). Modera
Suwannee: Is designed to be resistant to Pierce's Disease for use in Florida and the lower Gulf States of the
Sweet Jenny: Bronze, female-pollinate V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) variety. Derived from a Georgia 11-2-2 x Geo
Swenson (Red): Red-blue skinned American hybrid variety derived from a Minn 78 x Seibel 11803 cross. Mainly suitabl
Swenson White: Has synonym name ES 6-1-43. Very vigorous variety developed in 1980 and released around 1994 by Elme
Symphony: White-wine producing grape-cross derived from Muscat of Alexandria and Grenache Gris created in 1948
Syrah: A grape variety associated with the Rhone Valley region of France, famous for creating 'Hermitage' r
Szagos Feher: Variety reportedly used as part of certain sparkling white-wine blends in France and for dessert win
Tamares: White-wine producer variety widely grown in the El Bierzo region of N.W Spain. Known as Tamarez or C
Tamianka: Has several synonym names including Tamiioasa Romaneasca and Weihrauchtraube. Grown in Romania, this
Taminga: White-wine producing variety bred in Australia specifically for hot climate regions.
Tampa: Commonly used as rootstock for the Conquistador, Orlando (Seedless), Black Spanish and Stover bunchg
Tannat: Deeply colored and tannic minor grape grown in the Pyrenees region of France. One of four grapes who
Tara: Bronze, self-fertile V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) variety. Reported as species superior in cold-ha
Tarheel: Complex V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) cultivar. Derived from a Luola x (Eden x (Eden x V. Munsonia)
Tarrango: Hot region red-wine grape variety cross quite popular in, and confined to, Australia. Reportedly der
Taylor: Historically important American (V. labrusca x V. riparia) variety. Has the synonym name Bullitt. On
Tazzelenghe: Red wine producing variety found in N.E Italy. Has synonym name Tacelenghe. Used for making a tannic
Tempranillo: Fine winegrape used in best quality red wines of Spain and Portugal. Also known under the synonym na
Ten Dollar Prize: Listed by Hedrick (Grapes of New York, 1912) as a V.lincecumii Post Oak cepagé variety discovered a
Téoulier (Blanc): No details as yet.
Téoulier (Noir): Rare V.vinifera variety long known in S.E. France. Also found in Argentina, USA and elsewhere. Accor
Teroldego: (aka Teroldego Rotaliano). Red-wine grape grown in the Trentino region of Italy. Used to normally pr
Terrano (Noir): Variety found in the Carso DOC region, Fruili, Italy. Has several synonym names including Refosco d'
Terret Blanc: Has synonym name Terret Monstre. Reported to be variety grown in some quantity in the Midi region of
Terret Bourret: Variety grown in the Languedoc coastal region of France. Has synonym names Terrain and Terret Gris.
Terret Noir: Minor grape grown in the southern Rhone region of France. Still allowed in local red wine blends in
Tetra: Has synonym name G-2918. Introduced in 1947 by the Missouri State Farm Experiment Station. Derived f
Thomas: Complex V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) cultivar.
Thompson Seedless: Grape grown in enormous quantities in the Central Valley of California, U.S.A. Also popular in Arizo
Tibouren: Black-skinned ancient grape variety grown in Provence, southern France. Mainly used for producing fu
Timorasso: Has the synonym name Morasso. Grapes used to make a aromatic white wine. Grown locally in certain Pi
Tinta Amarela: Variety grown in Portugal and used mainly as a secondary ingredient in fortified Port wines as an ar
Tinta Barroca: Native red-wine variety grown in the Douro region of Portugal, mostly used in wine or port blends be
Tinta Francisca: Portuguese variety used for Portwine blends. Considered by some to be one of the least successful gr
Tinta Madeira: Australian alias name for home growths of the Tinta Negramole variety associated with the island of
Tinta Negramole: Variety grown on the island of Madeira and currently mainly used for secondary blends of Madeira for
Tinta Pinheira: Also known as Tinta Carvalha, Rufeta or Rufete. Low yielding, early ripening variety, disease resist
Tinto Cão: Has the synonym name Padeiro de Basto. Best suited to cooler climates/locations. Special attention t
Titan: Hungarian V.vinifera vine derived from a complex (Medoc Noir x Perle von Csaba) x (Teinturier x Kada
Tocai Friulano: Widely grown in the Fruili region of Italy. Also to be found in Argentina. Thought to be identical w
Tokay D'alsace: Alternate name for Pinot Gris grape - see above.
Toldi: Selected seedling by an east-european breeder. Notable for producing a blue-skin grape with a distin
Topsail: Complex V.rotundifolia (ie. Muscadine) cultivar. Derived from a Latham x Burgaw cross. Mainly grown
Torrette: (No other details as yet other than this variety is grown in the Valle d'Aosta region of Italy and u
Torrontés: Fragrant white-wine grape cépage widely grown in Argentina: and also in Chile where it is known as
Tortosina: Variety having synonym names Bobal Blanco and Tortosi. No other details other than it is grown in Sp
Totmur: French-American hybrid, (a.k.a Baco 2-16), suitable for Winemaking. Derived from Baco 45A and Baco 1
Tourbat: Variety of disputed origin currently mainly grown in Sardinia where it has the alias name Torbato. A
Touriga Franca: Was known as Touriga Francesa until a recent official ruling (? 2002) changed the name. Variety grow
Touriga Nacional: Has synonym names Azal Espanhol and (Preto de) Mortágua. Classic red wine grape used for still and
Traminer: Recently (2002) determined to be a possible cross developed from wild grape varieties. Is closely re
Traminette: Reportedly a.k.a NY 65.533.13. Newly, (1996), released variety derived from a Traminer Rot x Joannes
Trebbiano: Alternate name for Ugni Blanc grape - see below. Has many mutations/sub-varieties such as Procanico
Trebbiano D'abruzzo: Alternate name in certain regions of Italy for the Bombino Bianco grape..
Treixadura: White-wine grape widely grown in Spain. The grape is known as the Trajadura in Portugal. Mainly used
Tresallier: Has synonym name Sacy (de Lyon)). White-wine grape unique to the Saint Pourcain region of France. Ma
Trincadeira: Has synonym names Creto Preto, Mortágua, Tinta Amarela and Trincadeira Preto. Red wine variety grow
Triomphe D'alsace: Variety derived from a MG 101-14 x Knipperle cross. Has synonym name Kuhlmann 319-1. Early ripening
Triumph: This vitis hybrid cultivar, used for tablegrape production, is a Concord x Chasselas Musque hybrid c
Trollhaugen: Hard-frost resistant (to -30 deg. F. ie. -35 C) seedless variety created by Elmer Swenson. Suitable
Trollinger: German name for the Schiava Grossa red wine grape originating in the Tyrol region of Italy. A cross
Trousseau (Noir): Has the synonym name Tressot where grown in the Chablis (Burgundy) region of France. Recently (2001)
Trousseau Gris: (a.k.a Chauché Gris). Mutated version of the Trousseau red-wine grape. Mainly found in the Jura reg
Tsaoussi: Pronounced 'tsa oo see'. Mainly cultivated on the island of Cephalonia, Greece where it is used to p
Tsimlyanskii (Chernyi): Russian cultivar used to produce light, acidic varietal or sparkling wines considered as mediocre by
Tsitska: Has several synonym names including Shanti. V.vinifera variety grown in Georgia (CIS). Mostly found
Tullilah: White-wine variety bred in Australia for growth in hot region climates.
Turan: Has synonym name Agria. Hungarian red wine variety with deeply colored flesh, released in 1985, with
Tvakveri: Grown in Georgia (CIS), this V.vinifera variety is used in semi-dry blended red and rosé wines alon
Tyrian: Variety recently released by the CSIRO winegrape development program in Australia. Reported to have
Ugni Blanc: (a.k.a Trebbiano). Widely grown in Italy and Southern France. There it produces a fruity, acidic whi
Uhudler: No other details as yet other than it is reported to be a collective name for french-american hybrid
Usakhelouri: V.vinifera variety grown in Georgia (CIS). Has several synonym names including Okourechouli. Used to
Uva Rara: (a.k.a Bonarda Novarese). Minor grape found in the Piedmont region of Italy. Used in red wine blends
Vaccarèse: Minor grape grown in the southern Rhone region of France. Used to create color, body etc. in local r
Valdepeñas: Red wine grape grown in California and capable of producing excellent wine. (See Tempranillo above).
Valdiguié: Warm region minor grape widely grown in the Languedoc-Roussillon region of southern France and known
Valiant: Claimed as extreme cold-hardy to -50 deg. F (ca -42 C.) red wine grape cultivar developed from Fredo
Valvin Muscat: Pronounced 'VAL van-MUSS cat'. Has synonym name NY 62.0122.01. Listed as a mid-season ripening wine
Van Buren: Very early ripening, hardy American Labruscana (Fredonia x Worden) seeded table cultivar developed a
Vandal-Cliche: Popular name for the promising Cliche 8414 variety derived from a Vandal 64 x Vandal 163 1984 cross
Vanessa Red (Seedless): Moderately cold hardy, to -20 deg. F (-29 C), early ripening hybrid cultivar released by Vineland, O
Varousset: Has synonym name Seyve Villard 23-657. Appears to be a cross between Seibel 4668 and Seibel 6905 cul
Veeblanc: Experimental French-American hybrid developed at the Vineland Horticultural Research Institute of On
Ventura: Cold hardy to -25 deg. F. (ca -32 C.) American hybrid developed in 1974 by the Ontario Horticultural
Venus: Reported as an Alden x NY 46000 cross. Vigorous seedless hybrid variety, cold hardy to about -15 deg
Verdejo (Blanco): Has several synonym names including Verdejo Palido. White-wine producing variety extensively planted
Verdelet: Has synonym name Seibel 9110. Mainly planted in the Finger Lakes region of Western New York state an
Verdelho: Has synonym name Gouveio. Variety most associated with Madeira is also found fairly widely grown in
Verdello: White-wine producer variety grown in central Italy. Known to be an ingredient in the best Orvieto Cl
Verdicchio: (Pronounced 'ver-DEE-kyo'). Has synonym name of Verdeca. White-wine producing variety grown in the I
Verdiso: Rare native grape grown and used for making light white, sparkling wines and blends - (eg. with Pros
Verduzzo: Ancient indigenous grape variety found in the N.E. regions of Italy. Used to produce popular sweet,
Vergennes: Vigorous, moderately productive and marginally hardy old-line nineteenth century American V. labrusc
Vermentino: Reported by some to be identical to the Rolle vinifera variety. Also has at least 20 other synonym n
Vernaccia: Minor grape of ancient origin grown in Tuscany region of Italy. Traditionally produces dry, lean whi
Vertzami: (No information at present on this red-wine grape grown in Greece).
Vespolina: Minor grape found in the Piedmont region of Italy. Also known as Ughetta. Used to produce a red wine
Vidal Blanc: Popular late-season (around mid-late September) maturing french-american hybrid white-wine creating
Vien: (No other details as yet other than this variety is grown in the Nus district of the Valle d'Aosta r
Vijiriego: Native variety grown on the Canary Islands.
Vilana: White-wine grape widely grown on the island of Crete and mainly used to create a dry wine.
Villard Blanc: Has technical synonym name Seyve-Villard 12-375. French-american hybrid grape derived from a Seibel
Villard Noir: Has synonym technical designation Seyve-Villard 18-315. Variety is derived from a Seibel 7053 x Seyv
Vincent: Very deep red wine grape-cross released in 1967 by the Horticultural Research Institute of Canada at
Vinered: Developed and released in 1964 by the Vineland Horticutural Research Station at Vineland, Ontario, C
Viognier: (Pronounced 'VEE-oh-nee-aye'). Semi-classic grape variety grown in the northern Rhone region of Fran
Vitovska: Grape used to make a dry white varietal wine in the Fruili-Venezia Giulia region of Italy. Unique to
Viura: (See Macabeo above).
Vivant: Has synonym name Vineland 63331. Hybrid cross released in 1983 by Ontario Horticultural Research Ins
Vradiano: (No other details as yet other than it is a red-wine variety grown in Greece).
Vranac: Variety indigenous to Montenegro, formerly a province of Yugoslavia. Used to create a red wine capab
Vroege Loonse: (Translation: 'Early (from) Loon (county)'). Red wine variety, claimed to be a Pinot Noir clone seed
Walsh Riesling: (No information on this cultivar as yet. May be misspelling of Welschriesling below).
Walter: American/vinifera hybrid variety developed by the prolific New York (USA) hybridizer Andrew Jackson
Watkins: Reported to be a cross of Ontario x Mills. (No information on this grape as yet other than it is an
Wayne: Reported to be an early ripening cross of the Ontario x Mills varieties. Developed at the Geneva Ins
Weisser Burgunder: (See Pinot Blanc above).
Weisser Gutedel: (See Gutedel above).
Weisser Riesling: South African, (and german), name for the true Riesling grape of Germany. Also called the White Ries
Weisser Silvaner: (See Elbling above).
Welder: (No information on this grape yet other than it is a Muscadine hybrid cultivar suitable for wine and
Welschriesling: (See also Italian Riesling above). Austrian name for the grape of ancient, but unknown, origins. May
White Moschato: Greek mainland name for the Muscat Blanc white wine grape.
White Riesling: Alias name for the (Johannisberg) Riesling grape. Both names are used, sometimes in the same region,
Wild Montana: V.riparia variety having synonym name South Dakota 62-8-58. No other details as yet.
Wildbacher: Ancient grape mainly grown in, and thought to originate from, Austria. Recent DNA analysis proposes
Winchell: Has synonym name Green Mountain. Reported as developed in Vermont, USA it is currently listed as hav
Wine King: Derived from a Winona x America cross. Reported as early budbreaking, heavy yielding cultivar suscep
Winona: According to the Geilweilerhof database (above) is a Norton O.P. selection. No other details as yet.
Witt: (No other details as yet other than this variety is derived from a Concord O.P cultivar and is invol
Worden: Is a 19th century Concord O.P selection. Vigorous and hardy to -35 deg. F. (ca -32 C.), it ripens tw
Würzer: White-wine producing variety. (No other details as yet other than it is reported to be a recently re
Wyoming: American hybrid vine reported as discovered in N. Pennsylvania 1861. According to Hedrick, Grapes of
Xarel.Lo: Has synonym name Pansà Blanca. Variety grown in the Catalonia region of Spain. Vigorous, productive
Xlnta: Is claimed to be a complex V.lincecumii x (V.labrusca, V.rupestris, V.vinifera) cross. Reported as a
Xynisteri: Indigenous aromatic white-wine grape grown extensively on Cyprus. Used to produce the Commandaria de
Xynomavro: Red-wine grape commonly grown in Macedonia, N.E. and Central Greece. Often used in a blend with Nego
Yates: Early ripening variety developed at the Geneva Istitute of New York around the mid 1930's. Reported
Yugoslav: Possibly developed by the Viticultural Station at Sremski Karlovci, Serbia. Grapes are reported as s
Zala Gyöngye: Early flowering variety grown in the Kecskemét region of Hungary. Ripens early (first week of Septe
Zenit: Variety developed in Hungary in the early 1950's. Widely planted in Central Europe. Has synonym name
Zéta: Hungarian V.vinifera variety resulting from a Bouvier x Furmint cross. Is occasionally made into a v
Zeusz: Has synonym names Zeus and Badacsony 10. Recently developed (ie. Ezerjo x Bouvier 1956 cross) variet
Zierfandler: Recent DNA analysis indicates derivation from the Roter Veltliner crossed with a currently unknown v
Zilga: European Baltic States cold climate variety, developed in 1964, currently undergoing trial at the Ge
Zinfandel: One of the few varieties to have an entire webpage devoted to it (ZAP Organisation). Currently regar
Zita: Is reported as a Concord O.P offsping. No other details as yet.
Zlahtina: Variety grown in Croatia, former Yugoslavia. Reported to ripen in mid-season (after Chardonnay) to g
Zlata: White-wine producer variety grown in northern Dalmatian province of Croatia derived from a Irsai Oli
Zweigeltrebe Blau: Synonym names include Zweigelt, Klosterneuburg 71 and Rotburger, the latter having no relationship w

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