Science / Biology / Chloroplasts: Disk-like organelles with a double membrane found in eukaryotic plant cells; contain thylakoids and are the site of photosynthesis. ATP is generated during photosynthesis by chemiosmosis.


Science / Biology / Grana: A series of stacked thylakoid disks containing chlorophyll; found in the inner membrane of chloroplasts. MORE

Cytoplasmic Trait

Science / Genetics / Cytoplasmic Trait: A genetic characteristic in which the genes are found outside the nucleus, in chloroplasts or mitochondria. Results in offspring inheriting genetic material from only one parent. MORE

Chlorine (Cl)

Science / Periodic Table of Elements / Chlorine (Cl): Atomic number: 17, Atomic mass: 35.453 g.mol -1, Electronegativity: 3.0, Density: 3.21*10 -3 -3 at 20 °C, Melting point: -101 °C, Boiling point: -34.6 °C, Vanderwaals radius: 0.127 nm, Ionic r MORE


Science / Biology / Stroma: The matrix surrounding the grana in the inner membrane of chloroplasts. The area between membranes (thylakoids, grana) inside the chloroplast. MORE


Science / Biology / Plastids: Membrane-bound organelles in plant cells that function in storage (of food or pigments) or food production. Term for any double membrane-bound organelle. Chloroplasts contain the chemicals for photosy MORE


Science / Biology / Phycoerythrin: An accessory pigment found in cyanobacteria and the chloroplasts of red algae. MORE