Science / Biology / Karyotype: The chromosomal characteristics of a cell; also, a representation of the chromosomes aligned in pairs.
Science / Genetics / Spectral Karyotype (SKY): A graphic of all an organism's chromosomes, each labeled with a different color. Useful for identifying chromosomal abnormalities. MORE
Science / Genetics / Sex Chromosome: The x or y chromosome in human beings that determines the sex of an individual. Females have two x chromosomes in diploid cells: males have an x and a y chromosome. The sex chromosomes comprise the 23 MORE