Science / Biology / Mitochondria: Self-replicating membrane-bound cytoplasmic organelles in most eukaryotic cells that complete the breakdown of glucose, producing NADH and ATP (singular term: mitochondrion). The powerhouse of the cell. Organelles within eukaryotes that generate (by chemiosmosis) most of the ATP the cell needs to function and stay alive.
Science / Genetics / Mitochondrial DNA: The genetic material found in mitochondria, the organelles that generate energy for the cell. Not inherited in the same fashion as nucleic dna. MORE
Business / Agriculture / Genome: All the genetic material in the chromosomes of a particular organism. USDA’s research agencies have a Plant Genome Mapping Program to identify, characterize, and map the position of agriculturally i MORE