Monosaccharide

Science / Chemistry / Monosaccharide: A carbohydrate that cannot be decomposed into simpler carbohydrates by hydrolysis.

Monosaccharides

Science / Biology / Monosaccharides: Simple carbohydrates, usually with a five- or six-carbon skeleton; e.g., glucose and fructose. A carbohydrate composed of a single sugar unit, such as glucose, ribose, deoxyribose, etc. MORE

Sugar

Science / Chemistry / Sugar: A carbohydrate with a characteristically sweet taste. Sugars are classified as monosaccharides, disaccharides, or trisaccharides. MORE

Polysaccharide

Science / Chemistry / Polysaccharide: A carbohydrate consisting of a large number of linked monosaccharide units. Examples of polysaccharides are cellulose and starch. MORE

Oligosaccharide

Science / Chemistry / Oligosaccharide: A carbohydrate that consists of only a few linked monosaccharide units. MORE

Disaccharides

Science / Biology / Disaccharides: 1. Sugars made up of two monosaccharides held together by a covalent bond; e.g., sucrose and lactose. 2. Type of sugar (saccharide) composed of two sugar molecules bonded together with an ester (coval MORE

Glycogen

Science / Biology / Glycogen: Polysaccharide consisting of numerous monosaccharide glucoses linked together. The animal equivalent of starch. MORE

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