Karyotype

Science / Genetics / Karyotype: A photomicrograph of an individuals chromosomes arranged in a standard format showing the number, size, and shape of each chromosome type: used in low- resolution physical mapping to correlate gross chromosomal abnormalities with the characteristics of specific diseases.

Spectral Karyotype (SKY)

Science / Genetics / Spectral Karyotype (SKY): A graphic of all an organism's chromosomes, each labeled with a different color. Useful for identifying chromosomal abnormalities. MORE

Sex Chromosome

Science / Genetics / Sex Chromosome: The x or y chromosome in human beings that determines the sex of an individual. Females have two x chromosomes in diploid cells: males have an x and a y chromosome. The sex chromosomes comprise the 23 MORE

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