Science / Geology / Compaction: A compression process that reorients and reshapes the grains of a sediment in response to the weight of overlying deposits.
Science / Geology / Diagenesis: All of the changes which happen to a sediment after deposition, excluding weathering and metamorphism. Diagenesis includes compaction, cementation, leaching and replacement. MORE
Science / Geology / Lithification: The processes through which sediments are converted into sedimentary rock, including compaction and cementation. MORE